Translation: What have you done for the front?
Poster Number: PP 127
Category: Civil War
Artist: Artist Unknown — неизвестный художник
Poster Notes: While this poster is from the Russian Civil War, the question of "what have you done" was replicated on Soviet posters from World War II.
Poster Type: Lithograph
Printer: 1st State Typo-lithography Workshop, Moscow
Printer Notes: Prior to Soviet nationalization, the 1st State Typo-lithography Workshop was the Sharapov-Sytin Partnerhip. Ivan Dmitrievich Sytin (1851-1934), the son of a peasant, opened a small lithographic shop in Moscow with a single press and developed it into the largest private printing company in Tsarist Russia by the start of the 20th century. The Bolsheviks nationalized Sytin’s shop in Moscow (at Valovaia and Piatnitskaia streets) around 1918, close to the time they commandeered the Royal (state) Print Yard. The Yard was transformed into Gosizdat, the State Publishing House. The 1st State Typo-lithography became the “1st Exemplary Workshop” and a Gosizdat contract printer and, in 1931, Gosizdat printing workshop was placed under the Ogiz publishing partnership.
After World War II, the 1st Exemplary was named for A. A. Zhdanov (a deceased Soviet leader) and was placed in the Glavpoligrafizdat Trust (Main Administration for Matters of Polygraphic Industry Publishing and Book Selling). The trust was formed in 1949 to oversee printing, publishing and the retail book trade in the USSR.
Publisher: Literary and Publishing Department of the Political Directorate of the Revolutionary Military Council of the Republic, RSFSR
Publishing date: c.1920
Publisher Notes: Litizdat was the portmanteau word for Literary and Publishing Department of the Political Directorate of the Revolutionary Military Council of the Republic (R.V.S.R.) of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic (RSFSR). It distributed 7.5 million posters, postcards and lubok-styled images from 1919 to 1922.
Technical Information on Poster: No. 127; [printed at] Piatnitskoe Department, Moscow, 71 Piatnitskaia Street
Sources: Russian Revolutionary Posters by V. Polonskii (1925), page 140, poster 235
Catalog Notes: PP 127 Civil War