Translation: The Tsar, the Priest and the Kulak. All kulaks stand for the Tsar. And priests are weeping for the Tsar. That’s why under the Tsar the land fed the landlords. The landlord used to beat his peasant with two sticks.Read Full Translation...
The Tsar, the Priest and the Kulak.Close Full Translation
All kulaks stand for the Tsar. And priests are weeping for the Tsar. That’s why under the Tsar the land fed the landlords. The landlord used to beat his peasant with two sticks. And the Tsar was the biggest landlord and all his ministers also were landlords. Because of this it is not surprising the Tsar kept watch over the land of the landlords, strangled peasants -- screwed them with huge taxes. Who prays for the Tsar? The priest who takes in return for his prayers easy money and church land and is screwing the peasant with church services. [Partial translation]
Poster Number: PP 621
Category: Civil War
Artist: Schiemann (Shiman), Eduard Gustavovich — Шиман, Эдуард Густавович
Poster Notes: Poster is in Ukrainian language. Glitai is the Ukrainian word for the Russian word, kulak. While glitai literally means swallow bird, it is used here for a person who is a blood-sucker.
Media Size: 31.5x24
Poster Type: Lithograph
Printer: Printer not indicated
Publisher: VTsIK (All-Russian Central Executive Committee), Moscow
Publishing Date: 1918
Publisher Notes: VTsIK is the All-Russian Central Executive Committee of the Council of Workers, Peasants, Red Army Soldiers and Kazaks’ Deputies. At the time this poster was issued, the publishing house was located in Moscow at 11 Tverskaia Street in a building that once housed the German Charitable Foundation during the Imperial Russian era. By 1920, the building was used as a book warehouse for the State Publishing Company and by the mid-1920s, it housed the Novaia Derevnia (New Village) publishing house.
Technical Information on Poster: Moscow - 1918
Sources: Soviet Posters of the era of the Civil War 1918-1921 by B. S. Butnik-Siverskii (1960), pages 214-215, poster 708
Catalog Notes: PP 621 Civil War; Sister poster to PP 890