Translation: “Women workers and women peasants, hurry to the training courses for Red Nurses and Nurses Orderlies!”
Help the Red Soldier at the front! Bring aid to the sick in the country!
Go to infirmaries and hospitals
Poster Number: PP 757
Category: Civil War
Artist: Apsit, Aleksandr Petrovich (Apsītis, Aleksandrs) — Апситис, Александр Петрович
Poster Type: Lithograph
Printer: 1st State Typo-lithography Workshop, Moscow
Printer Notes: Prior to Soviet nationalization, the 1st State Typo-lithography Workshop was the Sharapov-Sytin Partnerhip. Ivan Dmitrievich Sytin (1851-1934), the son of a peasant, opened a small lithographic shop in Moscow with a single press and developed it into the largest private printing company in Tsarist Russia by the start of the 20th century. The Bolsheviks nationalized Sytin’s shop in Moscow (at Valovaia and Piatnitskaia streets) around 1918, close to the time they commandeered the Royal (state) Print Yard. The Yard was transformed into Gosizdat, the State Publishing House. The 1st State Typo-lithography became the “1st Exemplary Workshop” and a Gosizdat contract printer and, in 1931, Gosizdat printing workshop was placed under the Ogiz publishing partnership.
After World War II, the 1st Exemplary was named for A. A. Zhdanov (a deceased Soviet leader) and was placed in the Glavpoligrafizdat Trust (Main Administration for Matters of Polygraphic Industry Publishing and Book Selling). The trust was formed in 1949 to oversee printing, publishing and the retail book trade in the USSR.
Publisher: Literary and Publishing Department of the Political Directorate of the Revolutionary Military Council of the Republic, RSFSR
Publishing date: 1919
Publisher Notes: Litizdat was the portmanteau word for Literary and Publishing Department of the Political Directorate of the Revolutionary Military Council of the Republic (R.V.S.R.) of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic (RSFSR). It distributed 7.5 million posters, postcards and lubok-styled images from 1919 to 1922.
Technical Information on Poster: No. 65; [Printed at] Piatnitskoe Department, Moscow, 71 Piatnitskaia Street
Sources: Soviet Posters of the era of the Civil War 1919-1921 by B. S. Butnik-Siverskii (1960), p.194, poster 531; Russian Revolutionary Posters by V. Polonskii (1925), page 152, poster 423
Catalog Notes: PP 757 Civil War