Translation: On the eve of the Worldwide Revolution.
Poster Number: PP 758
Artist: Moor (Orlov), Dmitrii Stakhievich — Моор (Орлов), Дмитрий Стахиевич
Poster Type: Lithograph
Printer: 1st State Typo-lithography Workshop, Moscow
Printer Notes: Prior to Soviet nationalization, the 1st State Typo-lithography Workshop was the Sharapov-Sytin Partnerhip. Ivan Dmitrievich Sytin (1851-1934), the son of a peasant, opened a small lithographic shop in Moscow with a single press and developed it into the largest private printing company in Tsarist Russia by the start of the 20th century. The Bolsheviks nationalized Sytin’s shop in Moscow (at Valovaia and Piatnitskaia streets) around 1918, close to the time they commandeered the Royal (state) Print Yard. The Yard was transformed into Gosizdat, the State Publishing House. The 1st State Typo-lithography became the “1st Exemplary Workshop” and a Gosizdat contract printer and, in 1931, Gosizdat printing workshop was placed under the Ogiz publishing partnership.
After World War II, the 1st Exemplary was named for A. A. Zhdanov (a deceased Soviet leader) and was placed in the Glavpoligrafizdat Trust (Main Administration for Matters of Polygraphic Industry Publishing and Book Selling). The trust was formed in 1949 to oversee printing, publishing and the retail book trade in the USSR.
Publisher: State Publishing House
Publishing date: 1920
Publisher Notes: Gosizdat was the State Publishing House of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic (RSFSR). Formed in May 1919, Gosizdat/Giz was the first major state-controlled publisher organized via an edict of the All-Russian Central Executive Committee to create a single institution for printing and publishing.
Technical Information on Poster: [Printed at] Piatnitskoe Department, Moscow, 71 Piatnitskaia Street
Sources: Russian Revolutionary Posters by V. Polonskii (1925), page 132, poster 135
Catalog Notes: PP 758 Revolution b