Although known for his characterizations and posters that he signed with the pseudonym 'Deni'; Viktor Nikolayevich Denisov never received formal artistic education. Around 1906, Deni began exhibiting at the annual exhibitions of the Society of Independents in Saint Petersburg, as well as at the Salon of Humorists. In 1910, he took private lessons in painting and drawing from the artist-portraitist Nikolai P. Ulianov and that same year, he became active in the field of political caricature, contributing satirical drawings to such journals as Budil'nik [Alarm Clock], Satiricon, Solntse Rossii [Russian Sun], Pulemet [Machine Gun], Knut [Whip], while contributing to the newspaper Golos Moskvy [Voice of Moscow]. After the October Revolution of 1917, Deni worked for Litizdat (State Publishing House). During the early post-Revolutionary period, he lived in Kazan' and produced his first posters there while continuing to work on political caricatures for a myriad of Soviet journals.
Each Soviet republic had a military commissariats in charge of troops within its constituency. This typolithography was operated by the Commissariat of Army Reserves for the Russian Soviet Federated Socialist Republic, (RSFSR).
The Political Department of the Reserve Army of the Republic was a Red Army publisher based in the Volga Region. It distributed material for the Reserve Armies (of Russia) and for PUOKR (Politichestkoi Upravlenie Voyennogo Okruga), the Political Directorate of the Military District. Its headquarters was located in the city of Kazan.