America’s Shame

Poster Number: PP 1104
Category: Cold War
Poster Notes: The city depicted behind the blood is New York and the Chrysler Building is the structure most visible.
Media Size: 42x29
Poster Type: Offset
Publishing Date: 1968
Editorial Information: Editor A. Lezin
Technical Information on Poster: Approved for Printing May 23, 1968; Publication No. 1-648; Volume 1 Sheet of Paper; Order No. 3825; Price 10 kopeks; 8-2-2/68
Glavlit Directory Number: A-06145
Catalog Notes: PP 1104 Cold War b
Artist: Koretskii, Viktor Borisovich (Koretsky, Victor) — Корецкий, Виктор Борисович

Of the noted Soviet poster artists of the photomontage and Socialist Realism aesthetics, Viktor Borisovich Koretskii stands out as one of the most iconic. Koretskii attended the Secondary Professional Art School in Moscow from 1921 to 1929. He began working as a professional graphic designer in 1931 and he immediately gained recognition in the Soviet Union. His professional break-through occurred while working for the major state publishing houses Iskusstvo and Ogiz-Izogiz. During this that period of his work, he concentrated on (and perfected) his technique of photomontage. However, the period of the early 1930s in the Soviet Union meant that Koretskii had to move away from his own avant-garde style of discontinuous photomontage in order to be more consistent with the Socialist Realist dogma dictated by the government. During the 1930s, Koretskii also worked as an artistic director and decorator for Nikolai Okhlopkov 's Realistic Theatre and for Yurii Zavadsky's theatre-studio. From 1939 to 1987, he was a member of the editorial board of the film advertising publishing house Reklamfilm.

Printer: 5th Typography, Moscow — 5-я Типография, Москва

The 5th Typography was a Moscow printer located at 21 Little-Moscow Street. According to research in published Soviet works from the 1960s, the 5th Typography likely served as a contract printer for Sovetskii Khudozhnik (Soviet Artist), the publishing house for the Artists’ Union of the USSR. In the mid-1970s, the 5th Typography became a contract printer for the State Committee of the Council of Ministers of the USSR on Publishing, Printing and the Book Trade. In the immediate post-Soviet era, the printer became Moscow Printing House No. 5 of the Committee of the Russian Federation on Printing.

Publisher: Sovetskii Khudozhnik (Soviet Artist), Moscow — Советский художник, Москва

Sovetskii Khudozhnik (Soviet Artist) was a publishing house that chiefly served the Artists’ Union of the USSR. The house was founded in Moscow in 1963 during a period of reorganization within the state publishing sector. Sovetskii Khudozhnik turned out albums, art reproductions, postcards and art books, catalogs, brochures and, posters. It also produced illustrated monographs on contemporary artists and collections. In the early 1990s, it was renamed Galart Publishing House.