Red Front [Partial translation]

Poster Number: PP 1119
Category: Military
Poster Notes: Poster combines themes of international worker solidarity with goals of industrialization while Stalin’s quote (at the bottom) emphasizes their tie.
Media Size: 42x29
Poster Type: Lithograph
Publishing Date: 1931
Technical Information on Poster: Izogiz No. 2147; Order No. 4856 R. 32 No. 350; Price 50 kopeks
Glavlit Directory Number: B-7563
Sources & Citation: Mercer and Middlesex Auction catalogs: June 2011, June 2012
Catalog Notes: PP 1119 Military b
Artist: Mikhailov, Nikolai Ivanovich — Михайлов, Николай Иванович

Nikolai Mikhailov (known by his alias N. Diomidi) was born into a military family. He studied at the Kazan Art School from 1912 to 1918. In 1919 during the Russian Civil War, he fled Kazan with the retreating White Army and made his way to China where he worked as an artist in the Russian Theater at Harbin.

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Artist: Sokolov-Skalia (Sokolov), Pavel Petrovich — Соколов-Скаля (Соколов), Павел Петрович

Pavel Petrovich Sokolov-Skalia was best known for his painting of "nationalist subjects" with characteristics of 19th-century Russian realism. In his youth he worked as an apprentice in the studio of Il’ia Mashkov, one of Imperial Russia's great modern masters. He later continued his arts education at VKhUTEMAS (Higher Art and Technical Studios) and later became a founding member of the avant-garde collective Bytie (Being). When the group dissolved around 1926, he became a member of A.Kh.R. (Association of Artists of the Revolution). He was also active as an instructor at A.Kh.R. and became one of its lead teachers. Sokolov-Skalia also taught at MIPIDI (Moscow Institute of Applied and Decorative Art), the Potemkin Pedagogical Institute (in Moscow) and at MGKhI (Moscow Secondary Art School). In 1925 and in 1932 he was associated with Put MOPRa, a magazine of the International Society for Relief of Revolutionaries (MOPR).

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Printer: 13th State Typography of Ogiz, Moscow — 13-я Государственная типография Огиза, Москва

The 13th State Typography of Ogiz was located in Moscow at 30 Denisovkii Lane between Tokmakov Lane and Bauman Street. While the typography worked contractually for Ogiz (Association of the State Book and Magazine Publishers) it is also documented as having been under the Soiuzpoligrafprom and Glavpoligrafprom printing trusts. The 13th State Typography has been a long-standing printing house and it is operating in the 21st century. It specializes in printing newspapers, magazines, advertising and presentation design.

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Publisher: IzoGiz (State Publishing House of Fine Art), Moscow-Leningrad — Изогиз (Государственное издательство изобразительного искусства), Москва-Ленинград

The history of IzoGiz begins with the formation of Ogiz, the Association of the State Book and Magazine Publishers. In 1930, the Sovnarkom of the Russian Socialist Federative Soviet Republic established Ogiz to centralize publishing under a monopoly in order to eliminate duplication of printed material, to streamline and control publishing production and its output, and to create a base for marketing books, training and technical manuals. In 1931, the Central Committee of the USSR ordered certain publications be separated from Ogiz. The separation principally affected technical manuals and propaganda material issued by the publisher. For example, posters, art magazines and artistic books were placed under Izogiz (Izobrazitel'noe iskusstvo), the fine arts section of Ogiz. In 1963, Izogiz was merged with the publishing house, "Soviet Artist" (Sovetskii khudozhnik).

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