Mikhail Mikhailovich Cheremnykh is considered a master of Soviet satirical graphics. Born in Siberia, he relocated to Moscow in 1911 to study painting where he subsequently enrolled in MUZhViZ (Moscow School of Painting, Sculpture and Architecture). By 1919 he established the ROSTA studio (Russian Telegraph Agency) in Moscow and served as its artistic director until 1922, when he co-founded the satirical magazine Krokodil[Crocodile]. From 1939 to 1941 he worked as a book illustrator and as a set designer for the Leningrad Academic Maly Opera Theater and in Minsk at the Belorussian Soviet Socialist Republic State Theater of Opera and Ballet. When the Second World War erupted in 1941, he organized the Moscow TASS studio (Telegraph Agency of the Soviet Union) designing its first poster and contributing to forty more works throughout its history.
VTsIK (Vserossiyskii Centralny Ispolnitelny Komitet ) was the All-Russian Central Executive Committee of Soviets of Workers', Peasants', Red Army and Cossack Deputies. It was the highest legislative and administrative body of government in the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic (RSFSR) from 1917 until 1936. Its Executive Committee was elected at the first All-Russian Congress of Soviets in Petrograd (St. Petersburg) in June 1917. When the Soviet Union was formed in 1922, VTsIK became the second-highest governing body in the federal-republic of the RSFSR. Following the reformation of the Soviet Constitution in 1936, the Supreme Soviet of the RSFSR replaced VTsIK.