[on panel showing the Soviet female student] In USSR: In 1951-1955 the construction of urban and rural schools will increase by 70% in comparison with the previous 5 year plan. [on panel showing the U.S. male student] In USA: The budget provides 1% for education and 74% for military expenditures. There are over 10,000,000 illiterate people in the USA. About one-third of American children do not attend school.

Poster Number: PP 291
Category: Cold War
Poster Notes: [Sign on door of the U.S. school] "School Closed"
Media Size: 35.5x25
Poster Type: Lithograph
Publishing Date: 1953
Editorial Information: Editor O. Legran
Technical Information on Poster: February 13, 1953; Publication No. 10230; Volume 1 sheet of paper; Order No. 196; Price 1 ruble
Glavlit Directory Number: Sh00254
Catalog Notes: PP 291 Cold War
Artist: Ivanov, Konstantin Konstantinovich — Иванов, Константин Константинович

Konstantin Konstantinovich Ivanov initially received art instruction from his father, the noted graphic artist Konstantin L. Ivanov. Formal instruction began for Konstantin Konstantinovich as early as 1933 when he attended an art school in Leningrad. It was from that point that he dedicated his life to graphic design. During World War II, Ivanov worked on the front line while contributing to posters produced by the TASS (Telegraph Agency of the Soviet Union) Studios.

Printer: Krasnoe Znamia Typography Workshop, Moscow —

Krasnoe Znamia was located in Moscow at 21 Sushchevskaia Street. In addition to printing posters, the firm operated the presses for the periodical Peasant Newspaper (1923-1939) and printed the youth oriented newspaper, Komsomol Life.

Publisher: Iskusstvo (Art Publishing House), Moscow — Искусство, Москва

Iskusstvo was the Art Publishing House (A.K.A. Visual Arts Publishing) that was created in 1936 from Ogiz-Izogiz (State Art and Literature Publishing House). It disseminated books and journals dealing with graphic design and the fine arts, and it issued numerous posters. Since the Iskusstvo banner was part of the State Printing Works in Leningrad (St. Petersburg) and Moscow, its two main offices were located in those two cities.