Men and women of collective farms! Be skillful in the defense of the great Soviet motherland!

Poster Number: PP 332
Category: Military
Poster Notes: This poster enforces the message of universal military training for all Soviet citizens. Vseobuch was the U.S.S.R.'s universal training.
Media Size: 45x32
Poster Type: Lithograph
Publishing Date: 1936
Editorial Information: Editor Povolotskaia; Technical Editor Iakovlev
Technical Information on Poster: Izogiz No. 7831; I. 35; No. 1574; Submitted for production May 23, 1936 [and] Approved for printing June 28, 1936; Order No. 450; Standard format 72 x 104; Volume 1 sheet of paper; [Printed at] 3 Mir Street
Glavlit Directory Number: B-7290
Catalog Notes: PP 332 Military
Artist: Pomanskii, Nikolai Nikolaevich — Поманский, Николай Николаевич

Nikolai Nikolaevich Pomanskii received his art education at the Moscow Stroganov Institute of Art where he graduated in 1904. He also obtained artistic education at the workshops of Konstantin Alekseevich Korovin and Sergei Vasilievich Ivanov. Pomanskii studied at the School of Fine Arts in Paris and in 1908, returned to Russia and taught for four years in the towns of Vetluga and Kazan. In 1918, he participated in agitprop painting for the burgeoning Soviet Government and also participated in the exhibits of the Moscow Association of Artists and in the 1933 exhibition, "15 Years of the Red Army."

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Printer: 24th Lithography Workshop of the Poligrafkniga Trust of Ogiz, Leningrad — 24-я типография ОГИЗа РСФСР треста Полиграфкнига, Ленинград

The 24th Lithography Workshop was located at Kronverkskaia and Mir Streets in St. Petersburg (Petrograd). Historically, the workshop had its roots in Imperial Russia and it was a large printing operation founded in 1881 by Theodore Kibbel (Fedor Fyodorovich Kibbel). Shortly after the printer was nationalized by the Soviets, it became the 1st State Lithography Workshop. In 1924, the workshop was named in honor of Mikhail Pavlovich Tomskii (1880-1936), head of the Soviet trade union and the head of the State Publishing House. During the early 1930s, the printer was reorganized as the 24th Lithography Workshop of Ogiz (Association of State Book and Magazine Publishers) and was placed under the management of the Poligrafkniga (Book and Magazine Printing) state printing trust.

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Publisher: Ogiz-IzoGiz, Moscow-Leningrad — Огиз-Изогиз, Москва-Ленинград

Ogiz was the Association of the State Book and Magazine Publishers. Its main offices were located in Moscow and in Leningrad. The Sovnarkom of the Russian Socialist Federative Soviet Republic established Ogiz in 1930 to centralize publishing activities under a state monopoly in order to eliminate duplication of printed material, streamline and control publishing production and output, and to create a base for marketing books, training and technical manuals. In 1931, the Central Committee of the USSR ordered certain publications be separated from Ogiz. This principally affected technical manuals and propaganda material issued by the publisher. For example, posters, art magazines and artistic books were placed under Izogiz (Izobrazitel'noe iskusstvo), the fine arts section of Ogiz. In 1949, Ogiz was reorganized and merged into Glavpoligrafizdat, the Main Administration for Matters of the Polygraphic Industry, Publishing and Book Selling. In 1953, Glavpoligrafizdat was reorganized and renamed, Glavizdat. Thereafter, the publishing, printing and bookselling monopoly in the USSR was separated into three distinct divisions. In 1963, Izogiz was merged with the publishing house, "Soviet Artist" (Sovetskii khudozhnik).

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