Comrade, attend the Military-Industry course! Once you have studied the proper procedures, you will not only save people’s property but you will also ensure the victory of the Red Army. Enrollment at 49 Aleksandrovskaia Street.

Poster Number: PP 430
Category: Civil War
Poster Notes:

[In circle behind army cadet]
“Kiev Soviet Military-Industrial Courses”
[On buildings in the background]
Military-Industrial Warehouse No. 5
Drying of Bread
Military-Industrial Warehouse No. 6
Military-Industrial Office
[On the bread carts are names of regions]

Media Size: 32.5x25
Poster Type: Lithograph
Publishing Date: c.1919
Technical Information on Poster: Publication of the Political Directorate of the National Commissariat on Military Affairs, Ukraine
Sources & Citation: Soviet Posters of the era of the Civil War 1918-1921 by B.S. Butnik-Siverskii (1960), page 317, poster 1743
Catalog Notes: PP 430 Civil War b
Artist: Ia.M. — Я.М.
Artist: M.P. — М.П.
Printer: Redizdat (Editorial and Publishing Department) —

Redizdat was created around mid-1919. It opened printing and publishing outlets in various Soviet-controlled zones during the Russian Civil War. Between April and June 1919, the Ukrainian branch of Redizdat (in concert with Narkomvoen, Ukraine) printed over six million propaganda leaflets and over one million copies of the book Red Army. Additionally, Redizdat printed or published materials for Narkomzem (People's Commissariat for Agriculture and Foodstuffs) and the UKRPURA (Ukrainian Political Administration) during the civil war. By 1937, Redizdat was transformed into Gidrometeoizdat (State Scientific and Technical Hydro-meteorological Publishing House).

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Publisher: Political Directorate of the Military Region [Ukraine] — Политуправление Военного округа [Украина]

The Military Region of Ukraine was formed during the Ukrainian-Soviet War that was fought from 1917 until 1921. The war was a conflict for the control of Ukraine and it was fought between Ukrainian nationalists and Polish-Ukrainian forces against pro-Bolshevik Ukrainians and Soviet-backed Russians. The Second Winter Campaign of 1921 (of the Russian Civil War) is generally recognized as the end of the Ukrainian-Soviet conflict. Historically, military regions came about during the Imperial Tsarist period to administer military units, military schools, and military outposts assigned to specific regions. Territorial division provided efficient management of army units and their training, and for other operations related to combat readiness. In the Soviet Union, military administration was organized by district, (okrug in Russian). Each district had political directorates that were staffed by a single leader (typically a commanding general) subordinate to the district's political director. Political directorates were further subdivided into sections. Each section handled political work for the Bolshevik Party and, some key military sections were: Agitation/Propaganda; Party Organization; the Komsomol (a youth organization); Culture; Personnel; Education (i.e., military schools, political), and so on.

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