Only the Red Army will give your homes and villages peace forever. Therefore, peasant, join your Worker–Peasant Army!

Poster Number: PP 441
Category: Civil War
Poster Notes: Misc. copy on the poster reads: "Any person who removes this poster is committing a counter-revolutionary act."
Media Size: 33x22
Poster Type: Lithograph
Publishing Date: c.1920
Sources & Citation: Soviet Posters of the era of the Civil War 1918-1921 by B.S. Butnik-Siverskii (1960), page 235, poster 927
Catalog Notes: PP 441 Civil War b; Sister Poster PP 846 (same artist and same theme).
Artist: Artist Unknown — неизвестный художник

The artist's name on the poster is not indicated. By assigning Artist Unknown to a poster it also could mean the artist used a chop mark whereby no signature is seen thus rendering the artist's identity anonymous.

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Printer: 2nd Soviet Typography [Photo-Lithography] Workshop, Kiev —

The 2nd Soviet Typography Workshop was located at 4 Pushkin Street in Kiev, Ukraine. Over a period of management changes, this printer was also known as the Photo-Lithography Workshop as well as the Soviet Printing Office.

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Publisher: Political Directorate of the Military Region [Ukraine] — Политуправление Военного округа [Украина]

The Military Region of Ukraine was formed during the Ukrainian-Soviet War that was fought from 1917 until 1921. The war was a conflict for the control of Ukraine and it was fought between Ukrainian nationalists and Polish-Ukrainian forces against pro-Bolshevik Ukrainians and Soviet-backed Russians. The Second Winter Campaign of 1921 (of the Russian Civil War) is generally recognized as the end of the Ukrainian-Soviet conflict. Historically, military regions came about during the Imperial Tsarist period to administer military units, military schools, and military outposts assigned to specific regions. Territorial division provided efficient management of army units and their training, and for other operations related to combat readiness. In the Soviet Union, military administration was organized by district, (okrug in Russian). Each district had political directorates that were staffed by a single leader (typically a commanding general) subordinate to the district's political director. Political directorates were further subdivided into sections. Each section handled political work for the Bolshevik Party and, some key military sections were: Agitation/Propaganda; Party Organization; the Komsomol (a youth organization); Culture; Personnel; Education (i.e., military schools, political), and so on.

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