26 Baku Commissars Printing House, Azerbaijan
The 26 Baku Commissars Printing House was located at 3 Ali Bairamov Street in Baku, Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic. The commissars were a group of Bolshevik and Left Socialist Revolutionary members of the Baku Soviet (a.k.a. Baku Commune), a communist quasi-state in the short-lived Azerbaijan Democratic Republic of 1917-1918. Reportedly, their leader was a personal friend of Vladimir Lenin. Their rule was cut short when they were apprehended by the anti-Soviet Centro-Caspian administration of Azerbaijan. Although they were freed (by Red Army forces), the commissars were re-apprehended and executed (in September 1918) by firing squad. In the Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic as well as in the Soviet Union, the commissars were considered iconic, fallen heroes of the October Revolution. They were exalted in poems, school books, film and sculpture.
Sources & Citations
Gasimov, Z. (2018). Historical dictionary of Azerbaijan. Lanham: Rowman & Littlefield (26 Baku Commissars bio)
Ter Minassian, T. (2014). Most Secret Agent of Empire: Reginald Teague-Jones, master spy of the great game. New York: Oxford University Press (Overview of the role of Reginald Teague-Jones per the 26 Baku Commissars)
Bummell, P. (2005). Turkmenistan: The Brandt Travel Guide. London: Brandt Travel Guides, Ltd. (P.143, bio on 26 Baku Commissars)
Suny, R. G. (1972). The Baku commune, 1917-1918: Class and nationality in the russian revolution. Princeton: Princeton University Press. (Significant work on the history of the Baku Soviet / Baku Commune)