Poster Plakat A Collection of Posters from the Soviet Union and its Satellite Nations

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Financial Publishing House

The People's Commissariat of Finance (Narkomfin, a.k.a. NKF) in its all-Union level was created in 1923. Narkomfin’s structure was based on the People's Commissariat of Finance of the RSFSR (Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic) that existed as early as 1917.

When the Bolsheviks seized power immediate action was taken against the Russian banking system. In November 1917, the Russian State Bank was dissolved and in its place was a new “People's Bank”. The Imperial Credit Chancellery and Department of the State Treasury became part of that bank. In December 1917, the Nobles’ Land Bank and the Peasants’ Land Bank were closed. By January 1918, State loans and foreign loans were terminated, private insurance abolished—its firms placed under State control. By December 1918, joint-stock land banks, mutual credit agencies and public (metropolitan) banks were closed along with the eradication of municipal and regional credit societies. Foreign banks were also shuttered and the Russian central cooperative (Moscow People’s Bank) was nationalized. The process of financial nationalization was complete by 1919.