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Long Live the International Day of Cooperatives. From cottage industry to skilled manufacturing.

Poster Number: PP 341
Category: Industry
Media Size: 41x30
Poster Type: Lithograph
Publishing Date: c.1923
Technical Information on Poster: Poster margin indicates: "Work done by the Leningrad Production Union, 'Trudovoi Litograf' [Labor Lithograph] Team."
Sources & Citation: Roelants, B., Eum, H., Esim, S., (2019). Cooperatives and the world of work. New York: Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group.
Catalog Notes: PP 341 Industry b
Artist: Artist Unknown — неизвестный художник
The artist's name on the poster is not indicated. By assigning Artist Unknown to a poster it also could mean the artist used a chop mark whereby no signature is seen thus rendering the artist's identity anonymous.
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Printer: Trudovoi Lithography [Worker’s Cooperative], Leningrad — Литография Трудовой [артель], Ленинград
Trudovoi (Labor) Lithography was a print cooperative based in Leningrad (St. Petersburg) at 14 Kovenskii Lane. Prior to it being nationalized by the Soviets, the firm belonged to the journalist and publisher Sergei Emel'ianovich Dobrodeev (1846-1910) and his family. Historically, Dobrodeev's firm extended back to the 1880s. It employed a staff of 250 and it also maintained a printing school. The firm printed the literary journal Syn Otechestva (Son of the Fatherland) and it served as editor ...
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Publisher: Vsekopromsoiuz (All-Russian Union of Industrial Cooperatives) — Всекопромсоюз
A decree of March 1919 placed the Bolshevik Party in control of all consumer cooperatives. In January 1920, the cooperatives were merged into a single union called the "consumers' collectives". In 1921, the government formed the All-Russian Union of Villagers (Sel'skosoiuz) and in 1922 it formed the All-Russian Union of Industrial Cooperatives (Vsekopromsoiuz).
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