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// АХР // Ассоциация художников революции // Assotsiatsiia khudozhnikov revolutsii // Association of Artists of the Revolution, see AKhRR
AKhRR // АХРР // Ассоциация художников революционной россии // Assotsiatsiia khudozhnikov revolutsii rossii / Association of Artists of Revolutionary Russia

AKhRR, the Association of Artists of Revolutionary Russia, (later the Association of Artists of the Revolution, or AKhR) was founded in 1922 as an independent arts organization. AkhRR was "committed to 'the life of the Red Army', the workers, the peasants, the revolutionaries, the heroes of labor". This commitment was clear at the Association's second exhibit (June-July 1922, Moscow) where its membership exhibited artwork depicting the life of the Red Army. While AKhRR obtained funding from Narkompros (People's Commissariat for Education) and it received strong backing from Kliment Voroshilov, head of the Red Army, its early years were nonetheless characterized by a generally independent voice, free from influences within the Communist Party or from state-mandated artistic policies.  By the mid-1920s, AKhRR developed publishing, printing and bureaus of exhibition and information. Their structure was so unique; no other artistic association in the USSR had such far-reaching and influential pull. During the mid-1920s, AKhRR artists began to split from within and disputes increased between young, proletarian-influenced artists who sought direction in mural art and propaganda agitation over the older members who favored classical, epic-like genres. Artists once loyal to the Association formed separate groups and membership suffered. The mid-1920s was also a period when the Communist Party of the Soviet Union contemplated making a formal artistic policy in line with the nation's political ideology.  This policy eventually became known as Socialist Realism. AKhRR's fate was sealed once the policy was enacted and the Association closed in 1932. Former Association leaders went on to create the Union of Soviet Artists, (Soyuz Sovetskikh Khudozhnikov, SSKh) bringing with them the fundamental principles of AKhRR's manifesto.