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VAPP /// ВAПП // Главное управление издательств и полиграфической // Glavnoe upravlenie izdatel'stv i poligraficheskoi / Department of State Book Publishers and Polygraphic Enterprises

Until World War II, Latvia had thriving industries for publishing and printing. In 1940, the largest publishing house Liesma (Flame) in the country was nationalized as a state-run entity called VAPP (Department of State Book Publishers and Polygraphic Enterprises). In Latvian VAPP is Valsts Apgādniecības un Poligrāfijas uzņēmumu Pārvaldes. From 1946-1964, VAPP was named Latgosizdat. For more information, see LATGOSIZDAT on this page.