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VKhUTEMAS

// ВХУТЕМАС // Высшие художественно-технические мастерские // Vyshie khudozhestvenno-tekhnicheskie masterskie // Higher Artistic Technical Studios

Vkhutemas was an art and technical school created in 1920 in Moscow. It was developed via the merger of the Moscow School of Painting, Sculpture and Architecture and the Stroganov School of Applied Arts.  The core curriculum of Vkhutemas focused on architecture but the discipline was intertwined with industrial and technical design, textile production, sculpture and painting courses.  In 1926-27, reorganization changed the school's title to "Institute" and it was then known by the portmanteau VKhuTEIN (Higher Art and Technical Institute). Despite the note-worthy education its students received; the school (and subsequent institute) was rife with inner-departmental conflict and pressure from Soviet politicians. When the institute closed in 1930 its faculty and students were dispersed into at least six other higher education centers in the Soviet Union.