Aliakrinskii, Petr Aleksanderovich
Алякринский, Петр Александрович
Born Orel, 1892; died Moscow, 1961
A painter, graphic designer, and a poster artist, Petr Aliakrinskii studied at the Moscow School of Painting, Sculpture and Architecture under the tutelage of S. V. Ivanov from 1909 to 1910. He began to exhibit his works in 1910. Starting in 1912, while working as a theater artist in Ryazan' and Kozlov, he created caricatures and sketches for Muscovite theater magazines. Between 1918 and 1921, Aliakrinskii taught at the Free Art Studios in Yaroslavl' where he also helmed the local branch of ROSTA (Russian Telegraph Agency) that produced Civil War propaganda posters and participated in the restoration of architectural monuments. In 1922, he moved to Moscow and began illustrating the magazines Krasnaia niva [Red Niva] and 30 dnei, [30 days] in addition to the newspaper Bezbozhnik [Godless]. Additionally, he illustrated and designed books for various publishing houses such as Goslitizdat, Detgiz, et al. During WWII, he created narrative agitation posters for TASS (Telegraph Agency of the Soviet Union). Toward the end of his life he was awarded the title of Honored Artist of the Soviet Union.
Sources & Citations
Konstantin Akinsha, Robert Bird, Adam Jolles, "Biographies," Windows on the War: Soviet Tass Posters at Home and Abroad (1941-1945), ed. by Peter Kort Zegers and Douglas Druick (Chicago: The Art Institute of Chicago and New Haven: Yale University Press, 2011), 381. A short biography of the artist.
Bibligraphicheskii slovar' khudozhniki narodov SSSR, vol. 1 (Moscow: Iskusstvo, 1970), 123-124.
Viacheslav Polonskii, Russkii revoliutsionnii plakat (Moscow: Gosudarstevnnoe izdatel'stvo, 1925), 101, 104.