Aliakrinskii, Petr Aleksandrovich
Born 1892, Orel, Russian Empire; died 1961, Moscow, USSR
Petr Aleksanderovich Aliakrinskii was a painter, graphic designer, and a poster artist, he studied at the Moscow School of Painting, Sculpture and Architecture under the tutelage of S. V. Ivanov from 1909 to 1910. He began to exhibit his works in 1910. Starting in 1912, while working as a theater artist in Ryazan' and Kozlov, he created caricatures and sketches for Muscovite theater magazines. Between 1918 and 1921, Aliakrinskii taught at the Free Art Studios in Yaroslavl' where he also helmed the local branch of ROSTA (Russian Telegraph Agency) that produced Civil War propaganda posters and participated in the restoration of architectural monuments. In 1922, he moved to Moscow and began illustrating the magazines Krasnaia niva [Red Niva] and 30 dnei, [30 days] in addition to the newspaper Bezbozhnik [Godless]. Additionally, he illustrated and designed books for various publishing houses such as Goslitizdat, Detgiz, et al. During WWII, he created narrative agitation posters for TASS (Telegraph Agency of the Soviet Union). Toward the end of his life he was awarded the title of Honored Artist of the Soviet Union.
Sources & Citations
Zegers, P., et al. (2011). Windows on the war: Soviet TASS posters at home and abroad, 1941-1945. Chicago: Art Institute of Chicago. (P. 381, artist biography)
Vol'tsenburg, O.E., et al. (1970). Biobibligraphicheskii slovar' khudozhniki narodov SSSR (Vol. 1) (PP. 123, 124)
http://sovcom.ru (bio, Aliakrinskii)
Polonskii, V. (1925). Russkii revoliutsionnii plakat. Moskva: Gosudarstevnnoe izdatel'stvo. (PP. 101 and 104)