Gebhardt, Tibor Gonczi (Gönczi)
Гебхардт, Тибор Гончи
Born April 13, 1902 Austro Hungarian Empire (Budapest); died November 20, 1993/94, Hungary
Tibor Gonczi Gebhardt was a poster artist and graphic designer in Hungary. In addition to posters, he designed book covers, emblems, menus, postage stamps, illustrations, commercial labels and other varying ephemera. He signed his works using the pen name "Gönczi" or, he would sign with his surname, "Gebhardt".
Between 1918 and 1922, Gebhardt studied at the Iparművészeti Iskola (School for Applied Arts) in Budapest. During the 1920s, he produced decorative posters and was also designing book covers-- notably his work for the 1925 Hungarian edition of "Drakula" stands out. During the 1930s, he began work as the graphic designer for György Klösz and Son Publishers and later, he worked for the firm’s successor, Offset Press of Budapest.
During the Second World War, he designed images for the Red Cross. After the war ended, he designed posters for the Communist Party of Hungary. By 1949, Gebhardt became a central figure in the propaganda office for the communist Hungarian state. Of the numerous posters he created in the early years of the Hungarian People's Republic, many of them focused on national holidays, tourism, and had themes that encompassed life under a seemingly vibrant, socialist paradise. The year of Tibor Gonczi Gebhardt's death is recorded as 1993 in some references.
Sources & Citations
Berni, S. (2016). Dracula by Bram Stoker The Mystery of The Early Editions.
Aulich, J., Sylvestrová, M. (2000). Political posters in Central and Eastern Europe, 1945-1995: Signs of the times. Manchester: Manchester University Press.