Goriaev Vitalii Nikolaevich
Горяев, Виталий Николаевич
Born Kurgan, Russian Empire, 14 April 1910; died Moscow, 1988
Vitalii Nikolaevich Goriaev's artistic career began at the age of 11 when he published his first drawings in the regional newspaper Zabaikal'skii Rabochii [The Zabaikalsky Worker]. By 1929 he moved to Moscow and befriended the artist and poet, Vladimir Maiakovskii, who advised him to enroll at the Moscow VKhUTEIN [Higher Art and Technical Institute]. The Institute closed the following year and so Goriaev transferred to the Moscow Polygraphic Institute where he studied under Vladimir Favorsky, Sergeii Gerasimovand Dmitry Moor. In 1936, his cartoons began appearing in the satirical magazine Krokodil [Crocodile]. His work is characterized by expressive images and the grotesque, in addition to a skillful use of space, intensity of color and economy of detail.
During World War II, Goriaev produced forty-three posters for the TASS [State Telegraph Agency] studio before being appointed chief artist of the illustrated magazine Frontovoi iumor [Frontline Humor]. In the 1950s, his attention turned to book illustration. His illustrations were published in editions of works by Alexander Pushkin, Nikolai Gogol, Fyodor Dostoevsky, Vladimir Maiakovskii, Mark Twain and William Faulkner, if only to name a few. From 1955 to 1981, he was on the editorial board for Iunost' [Youth] magazine.
Goriaev traveled abroad during his career, both in Europe and to the United States. One trip to the States in 1958 produced a highly regarded 40-image series entitled "Amerikantsy u sebia doma" [Americans at Home]. He received a number of Soviet and international awards for his work, including the 1966 title of Honored Worker of the Arts of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic, the State Award of the USSR in 1967, and the gold medal at the 1971 International Book Art Exhibition in Leipzig. He exhibited in Prague, London, Bucharest, Berlin, New York, Paris and other major cities. His works are held in the State Tret'iakov Gallery, the State Russian Museum and the Pushkin Museum of Fine Art.
Sources & Citations
Konstantin Akinsha, Robert Bird, Adam Jolles, "Biographies," Windows on the War: Soviet Tass Posters at Home and Abroad (1941-1945), ed. by Peter Kort Zegers and Douglas Druick (Chicago: The Art Institute of Chicago and New Haven: Yale University Press, 2011), 383.
Russkiye Khudozhniki(Moscow: Terra-Knizhnii Klub, 2001), 83.
Biobibligraphicheskii slovar' khudozhniki narodov SSSR, vol. 3(Moscow: Iskusstvo, 1970), 139-140.
V.I.Kostin,V. N. Goriaev. Moscow, 1961.