Ioganson, Boris Vladimirovich
Иогансон Борис Владимирович
Born Moscow, Russian Empire, 1893; died Moscow, 1973
Boris Ioganson attended the Moscow School of Art and was trained by the painter Petr Kelin. From 1918 to 1912, he studied at MUZhViZ [Moscow School of Painting, Sculpture, and Architecture] with Sergei Maliutin. In 1922, he helped found the AKhRR [Association of Artists of Revolutionary Russia] and adopted the emerging principles of Socialist Realism. From 1937 to 1961, Ioganson taught at the Leningrad Institute of Painting, Sculpture, and Architecture. His approach to painting was inspired by the works of Ilya Repin, the preeminent Russian Realist painter of the nineteenth-century. One of Ioganson's most famous paintings, An Interrogation of the Communists (1933), is a quintessential example of Socialist Realism and it is defined by the drama of light and dark, Impressionist brushwork and downward composition. Boris Ioganson created a single poster for the TASS Window collective in June 1941. After WWII, he assumed the position of vice-president of the Academy of Arts of the USSR (1953-1958). In 1964, he taught at the Moscow State Academic Art Institute for V.I. Surikov. Ioganson was awarded the Stalin Prize in 1941 and again in 1951. He also earned the title "People's Artist of the USSR" in 1943 and, he was named a Hero of Socialist Labor in 1968.
Sources & Citations
Konstantin Akinsha, Robert Bird, Adam Jolles, "Biographies," Windows on the War: Soviet Tass Posters at Home and Abroad (1941-1945), ed. by Peter Kort Zegers and Douglas Druick (Chicago: The Art Institute of Chicago and New Haven: Yale University Press, 2011), 383. A short biography of the artist.
Matthew Cullerne Bown, Art Under Stalin (Oxford: Pahidon Press, 1991), 242. A short biography of the artist.
Retrospektivnaya vystavka: 225 let Akademii khudozhestv SSSR, Katalog, tom 2 (1917-1982), red. P.M. Sysoev (Moscow: Izobrasitel'noe iskusstvo, 1985), 180. A short biography in Russian.