Kiselis, Petr Yul’evich (Yur’evich)
Киселис, Пётр Юрьевич (Юрьевич)
Born: Kovno Province, Russian Empire, 1890; died Vladivostok, Russia, 1940
Petr Kiselis was born in the Kovno Province of the Russian Empire in what is today the Republic of Lithuania. In 1906, he attended courses at the Central School of Technical Drawing run by Barron Aleksander Stieglitz. He continued his studies between 1907 and 1908 at the Drawing School Society for the Encouragement of the Arts under the tutelage of K.K. Vroblevskii and A.A. Rylov. From 1910 to 1912, Kiselis enrolled (under the surname Kissel) into the Central School of Technical Drawing again. From 1913 to 1916 (under the surname Kisselisov) he attended the Saint Petersburg Imperial Academy of Arts. He also participated in the revolutionary movement from 1908 to 1910 and went on to support and participate in the October Revolution. He also fought in the Russian Civil War that followed the revolution. During this time, he created a number of posters dedicated to themes of political struggle. In 1921, he assumed the role as main inspector of artistic organizations while working for the Department of Enlightenment [Narkompros]. In 1922, he joined the Association of Artists of Revolutionary Russia (AKhRR), becoming one of its founders. During the early 1920s, he taught at the Central Studios of AKhRR. From 1927 to 1928, Kiselis taught at Leningrad's VKhUTEIN [Higher State Artistic and Technical Institute]. In 1930, he was removed from AKhRR and he was arrested in 1937 during the height of Stalinist purges. He subsequently perished at a labor camp in Vladivostok in 1940. His posters are held in the collections of the Museum of the Revolution in Saint Petersburg and the Tretyakov Gallery in Moscow.
Sources & Citations
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Evgeniy Katsman, Zapiski khudozhnika (Moscow: The Academy of Art of the USSR 1962), 23.
Boris S. Butnik-Siverskii, Sovetskii plakat epokhi Grazhdanskoi voiny, 1918-1921 (Moscow: Vsesoyuznaya knizhnaya palata, 1960), 36, 229, 306, 31, 318, 537.
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A. A. Sidorov, Russkaia grafika za gody revoliutsii, 19171-1922 (Moscow, 1923), 88.
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