Poster Plakat A Collection of Posters from the Soviet Union and its Satellite Nations

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Kiselis, Petr Yul’evich (Yur’evich)
Киселис, Пётр Юрьевич (Юрьевич)
Born 1890 in Kovno Province, Russian Empire; died 1940, Vladivostok, USSR

Petr Yul’evich Kiselis was born in the Kovno Province of the Russian Empire in what is today the Republic of Lithuania. In 1906, he attended courses at the Central School of Technical Drawing managed by Barron Aleksander Stieglitz. He continued his studies between 1907 and 1908 at the Drawing School Society for the Encouragement of the Arts. From 1910 to 1912, Kiselis again enrolled (under the surname Kissel) into the Central School of Technical Drawing.

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Petr Yul’evich Kiselis was born in the Kovno Province of the Russian Empire in what is today the Republic of Lithuania. In 1906, he attended courses at the Central School of Technical Drawing managed by Barron Aleksander Stieglitz. He continued his studies between 1907 and 1908 at the Drawing School Society for the Encouragement of the Arts. From 1910 to 1912, Kiselis again enrolled (under the surname Kissel) into the Central School of Technical Drawing. From 1913 to 1916 (using the surname Kisselisov) he attended the Saint Petersburg Imperial Academy of Arts.

Petr Kiselis participated in the Russian revolutionary movement from 1908 to 1910 and he went on to participate in the October Revolution of 1917. He thereafter fought in the Russian Civil War that broke out after the revolution. During this period he created posters supporting the Red Army and posters with themes of political struggle. In 1921, Kiselis assumed the role as main inspector of artistic organizations while serving on the staff of Narkompros-- the Department of Enlightenment. In 1922, Kiselis joined the Association of Artists of Revolutionary Russia (AKhRR) becoming one of its founders and he taught at the Central Studios of AKhRR.

From 1927 to 1928, Kiselis taught at Leningrad's VKhUTEIN [Higher State Artistic and Technical Institute]. In 1930 he was removed from the membership of AKhRR reportedly for political reasons and in 1937, he was arrested during the Stalinist purges. While being held in a Vladivostok corrective labor camp, he died in 1940. His posters are in the collections of the Museum of the Revolution, Saint Petersburg and in the Tretyakov Gallery in Moscow.

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Sources & Citations

V.M. Polevoi, Dvadtsat' let frantsuszkoi grafiki. Risunok v revoliutsionnykh gazetakh i zhurnalakh, 1920s-1930s (Moscow: Iskusstvo, 1981), 27.
Bibligraphicheskii slovar': Khudozhniki Narodov SSSR, vol. 4 (Moscow: Iskusstvo, 1970), 503.
Evgeniy Katsman, Zapiski khudozhnika (Moscow: The Academy of Art of the USSR 1962), 23.
Boris S. Butnik-Siverskii, Sovetskii plakat epokhi Grazhdanskoi voiny, 1918-1921 (Moscow: Vsesoyuznaya knizhnaya palata, 1960), 36, 229, 306, 31, 318, 537.
Sovetskoye Iskusstvo. No. 3 (1926): 58.
A. A. Sidorov, Russkaia grafika za gody revoliutsii, 19171-1922 (Moscow, 1923), 88.
Krasnyi ofitser. No. 6-7 (1919): 9.