Kochergin, Nikolai Mikhailovich
Кочергин, Николай Михайлович
Born Moscow, Russian Empire, 1897; died Leningrad, 1974
In the history of Soviet political posters, Nikolai Kochergin is considered to be one of its pioneers. In 1918, Kochergin graduated from the Stroganov Central Industrial Art College where he then ventured into the professional world of graphic design. During the Russian Civil War, he supervised a poster publishing house/workshop in Kharkov, Ukraine. During this time, he was one of the primary organizers of the Baku, Azerbaijan ROSTA (Russian Telegraph Agency) artist group that circulated posters throughout the Caucus region. ROSTA posters were reproduced through stenciling and premised on the conjunction of caricature and satirical text. Around 1920, he participated in the decoration of the propaganda trains Leninand The Soviet Cossack, as well as in the decoration of the propaganda boat The Red Star. Starting in 1922, he relocated to Leningrad. In 1923, he became a member of the A.Kh.R.R. (Association of the Revolutionary Russian Artists). When the Second World War broke out in 1941, he collaborated with a group of poster artists, Boevoi karandash [The Fighting Pencil] and he also designing post-cards for the war effort. After the war (and for the next twenty-five years) Kochergin created illustrations for children's books. His illustrations afforded him the award of Honored Art Worker of the Russian Soviet Federated Socialist Republic. His works are in the collections of the Russian State Library in Moscow, the State Central Public Library of N.E. Saltykov-Shchedrin in Moscow, the State Museum of the Revolution in Saint Petersburg and, The State Public Library of the Academy of Science in Kiev, Ukraine.
Sources & Citations
Jill Bugajski, "Paper Ambassdors: Friends and Foes in the War of Images," Windows on the War: Soviet Tass Posters at Home and Abroad (1941-1945), ed. by Peter Kort Zegers and Douglas Druick (Chicago: The Art Institute of Chicago and New Haven: Yale University Press, 2011), 106, 107. (Analysis of Nikolai Kochergin's poster Capital and Company from 1920).
John Milner, A Dictionary of Russian and Soviet Artists (1420-1970) (Aberdeen: Antique Collector's Club, 1993), 208.
Stephen White, The Bolshevik Poster (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1988), 100.
Boris S. Butnik-Siverskii, Sovetskii plakat epokhi Grazhdanskoi voiny, 1918-1921 (Moscow: Vsesoyuznaya knizhnaya palata, 1960), 40, 147, 149, 164, 174, 183, 185, 208, 227.
Galina Demosfenova, Sovetskaia grafika (1917-1957) (Moscow: Gosudarstvennoye izdatel'stvo izobrazitel'nogo iskusstva, 1957), 6.
Politrabornik. No. 7. (August, 1920): 15.
Kniga i revoliutsia. No. 1 (July, 1920): 68.
Izvestia. No. 204 (September 15, 1920): 4.