Strakhov-Braslavskii, Adol'f Iosifovich
Страхов-Браславский, Адольф Иосифович
Born Ekaterinsolav, Russian Empire, 1896; died Kharkov, USSR, 1979
Adol'f Strakhov-Braslavskii attended the Odessa Art School where he studied from 1913 to 1915.
From 1918 to 1921, he created political drawings for a number of newspapers and in this period, he also produced decorations for political celebrations, creating posters, dioramas, and friezes. Throughout the Russian Civil War, Strakhov-Braslavskii contributed to the ROSTA Windows Don basin branch office. In 1921, he produced a series of thematic posters entitled Azbuka revoliutsii [Revolutionary Affairs]. By the end of the war, he moved to Kharkov, Ukraine where he subsequently rose to the status of lead artist at the State Publishing House of Ukraine. From 1922 to 1929, he was engaged book illustration, but he did not cease to design political posters. In 1925, he was awarded a gold medal at the International Exhibition in Paris for his poster entitled 1870-1924, a commemoration of Vladimir Lenin's death. This poster served as a prototype for the cover of the Russian edition of John Reed's Ten Days that Shook the Word. During the early 1930s, he created posters filled with joyful, Stalinist-era 'hero' workers with bodies and faces illustrated in a mottled, clay-like fashion. One such poster was Denprostroi postroen [Dneprostroi Has Been Built] (1932). Throughout the 1930s until the beginning of World War II, he dedicated himself to sculpture. During the war, he returned to posters, creating anti-fascist propaganda. In 1944, he was awarded the title People's Artist of the USSR. At the end of the war he returned to sculpture and worked in this medium until his death in 1979.
Sources & Citations
Klaus Vashik and Nina Baburina, Real'nost' utopii: Iskusstvo Russkogo plakat XX veka(Moscow: Progress-Traditsia, 2003), 129, 159, 364.
Victoria E. Bonnell, Iconography of Power: Soviet Political Posters under Lenin and Stalin(Berkeley: University of California Press, 1997), 41, 146-147, 78. Analysis of Strakhov's poster of Lenin 1870-1924(1924).
Boris S. Butnik-Siverskii, Sovetskii plakat epokhi Grazhdanskoi voiny, 1918-1921(Moscow: Vsesoyuznaya knizhnaya palata, 1960), 149, 225, 436.