Poster Plakat A Collection of Posters from the Soviet Union and its Satellite Nations

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Vanetsian, Aram Vramshapu
Ванециан, Арам Врамшапу
Born January 21, 1901, Alexandropol (Armenia), Russian Empire; died August 20, 1971, Moscow, USSR

Aram Vramshapu Vanetsian was born in what is today the Armenian city of Gyumri. He studied at the Stroganov School for Technical Drawing (A.K.A. Stroganov Arts School) from 1915 to 1918. From 1920 to 1923 he attended VKhUTEMAS (Higher Art and Technical Studios) in Moscow. His study concentration was painting. Of his numerous portraits, the one he created in 1939 of the Russian writer and playwright Issac Babel turned out to be the last representation of the writer made during his lifetime.

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Aram Vramshapu Vanetsian was born in what is today the Armenian city of Gyumri. He studied at the Stroganov School for Technical Drawing (A.K.A. Stroganov Arts School) from 1915 to 1918. From 1920 to 1923 he attended VKhUTEMAS (Higher Art and Technical Studios) in Moscow. His study concentration was painting. Of his numerous portraits, the one he created in 1939 of the Russian writer and playwright Issac Babel turned out to be the last representation of the writer made during his lifetime. In 1940, the year Vanetsian held a solo exhibition in Moscow, Babel died in Butyrka Prison.

Vanetsian illustrated books for the publishing houses of Goslitizdat, Detgiz, and Soviet Writer. While his poster designs include political and advertising themes, he entered into graphic design late in his career working on posters beginning in the 1930s. His style was noted for its “simple compositions…traditionally made for that time, usually black and white, using one red color sheet.” Two titles he created using this motif were “Long Live the Union of Workers and Peasants - the Basis of Soviet Power!” (1937) and, “Long Live our Red Army and Navy!” (1938).

During World War II, Vanetsian was sent to the front. He created a series of battle sketches, pictorial portraits and combat leaflets. After the war, his primary work was illustrating books for various Soviet publishing houses.

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Sources & Citations

Bonnell, V. E. (1999). Iconography of power: Soviet political posters under Lenin and Stalin. Berkeley: University of California Press.
Pavlova, E. V. (1989). A. S. Pushkin v portretah = Pushkin a gallery of portraits. Moskva: Sovetskii Khudozhnik.
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