To Account, the evil-doers will not escape the furor of the peoples!

Poster Number: PP 1057
Category: Cold War
Poster Notes:

Blue banner at center is a United Nations Organization flag, stamped with a dollar sign and “Wall Street”.
The figure at center, a US Army soldier, holds a bomb labeled “Cholera”, having dropped others labeled “plague” and “typhus”.
At lower left, the “pharmacist” – also a US Army soldier – is holding a beaker labeled “Cholera,” with others labeled “plague, typhus,” and “poison”.
Packages at lower left, from top to bottom: “Plague fleas” [Made in USA], “to Korea”, “Cholera flies” [Made in USA], “to China” “Typhus-[spreading] lice”, "[Made in USA] to Korea”

Media Size: 27.5x20
Poster Type: Lithograph and Offset
Publishing Date: 1952
Editorial Information: Editor M. Ioffe
Technical Information on Poster: Approved for printing April 2, 1952; ½ sheet of paper; Publication Number 9906; Order No. 461.; Price 75 kopeks.
Glavlit Directory Number: A02792
Catalog Notes: PP 1057 Cold War b
Artist: Dolgorukov, Nikolai Andreevich — Долгоруков, Николай Андреевич

In 1928, Nikolai Andreevich Dolgorukov moved from his native Ekaterinburg to Moscow in order to attend VKhUTEIN (Higher State Artistic and Technical Institute). After that organization dissolved in 1930, Dolgorukov continued his studies at the Moscow Polygraphic Institute under the tutelage of artists Lev Bruni and Dimitri Moor. Dolgorukov's training was in illustrated political satire as well as in poster design and each of these areas became the main focus of his long career. After graduation, he collaborated with fellow poster artist Viktor Deni. The duo went on to design a host of iconic Soviet posters during the 1930s and 1940s. Dolgorukov also created illustrations for a number of prominent newspapers: Krasnaia Zvezda [Red Star] (1933), Pravda [Truth], (1934), Izvestia [News] (1949), and for numerous journals including Proektor [Projector] (1932-1935), Sovetskii Soldat [Soviet Soldier] (1941) and Iskra [Spark] (1942). He produced a variety of popular posters, such as Under the Banner of Lenin toward the Formation of a Classless Society (1932) and Five-Year Plan (1933; co-authored with Deni). During World War II, he remained active as a graphic designer and a cartoonist producing a myriad of posters including, We'll Sweep Away the Fascist Barbarians (1941) and The Enemy Will Not Have Mercy! He contributed two poster designs to the Soviet telegraph TASS Studio between the autumn of 1942 and the autumn of 1943.

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Printer: Iskra Revolutsii (Revolutionary Spark) Typography Workshop, Moscow —

Iskra Revolutsii was a Moscow printer that was also known as the 15th Iskra Revolutsii Typography Workshop when it was under the printing trust Soiuzpoligrafprom (All-Union Association of Printing Enterprises) and handling jobs for Glavizdat (Main Administration of Publishing Houses, Printing Industry and Book Trade). In addition, Iskra Revolutsii was subsequently under Glavpoligrafizdat (Main Administration for Matters of Polygraphic Industry Publishing and Book Selling), a trust created in 1949 to oversee printing, publishing and book selling in the USSR. Glavpoligrafizdat supplanted OGIZ (Association of State Book and Magazine Publishers) as the USSR’s main publishing entity in the post-World War II era.

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Publisher: Iskusstvo (Art Publishing House), Moscow — Искусство, Москва

Iskusstvo was the Art Publishing House (A.K.A. Visual Arts Publishing) that was created in 1936 from Ogiz-Izogiz (State Art and Literature Publishing House). It disseminated books and journals dealing with graphic design and the fine arts, and it issued numerous posters. Since the Iskusstvo banner was part of the State Printing Works in Leningrad (St. Petersburg) and Moscow, its two main offices were located in those two cities.

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