Pioneers and Schoolchildren! Pass the exams for the B.G.S.O. badge

Poster Number: PP 1089
Category: Youth
Poster Notes: BGSO was the acronym for “Be Ready for Sanitary Defense”.
Media Size: 33x23
Poster Type: Lithograph and Offset
Publishing Date: 1947
Editorial Information: Editor L.P. Zabolotskaia
Technical Information on Poster: [Approved] February 7, 1947; Order No. 115
Glavlit Directory Number: L-55581
Catalog Notes: PP 1089 Youth
Artist: Koretskii, Viktor Borisovich (Koretsky, Victor) — Корецкий, Виктор Борисович

Of the noted Soviet poster artists of the photomontage and Socialist Realism aesthetics, Viktor Borisovich Koretskii stands out as one of the most iconic. Koretskii attended the Secondary Professional Art School in Moscow from 1921 to 1929. He began working as a professional graphic designer in 1931 and he immediately gained recognition in the Soviet Union. His professional break-through occurred while working for the major state publishing houses Iskusstvo and Ogiz-Izogiz. During this that period of his work, he concentrated on (and perfected) his technique of photomontage. However, the period of the early 1930s in the Soviet Union meant that Koretskii had to move away from his own avant-garde style of discontinuous photomontage in order to be more consistent with the Socialist Realist dogma dictated by the government. During the 1930s, Koretskii also worked as an artistic director and decorator for Nikolai Okhlopkov 's Realistic Theatre and for Yurii Zavadsky's theatre-studio. From 1939 to 1987, he was a member of the editorial board of the film advertising publishing house Reklamfilm.

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Printer: 24th Lithography Workshop of the Poligrafkniga Trust of Ogiz, Leningrad — 24-я типография ОГИЗа РСФСР треста Полиграфкнига, Ленинград

The 24th Lithography Workshop was located at Kronverkskaia and Mir Streets in St. Petersburg (Petrograd). Historically, the workshop had its roots in Imperial Russia and it was a large printing operation founded in 1881 by Theodore Kibbel (Fedor Fyodorovich Kibbel). Shortly after the printer was nationalized by the Soviets, it became the 1st State Lithography Workshop. In 1924, the workshop was named in honor of Mikhail Pavlovich Tomskii (1880-1936), head of the Soviet trade union and the head of the State Publishing House. During the early 1930s, the printer was reorganized as the 24th Lithography Workshop of Ogiz (Association of State Book and Magazine Publishers) and was placed under the management of the Poligrafkniga (Book and Magazine Printing) state printing trust.

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Publisher: Union of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies of the USSR — Союз обществ Красного Креста и Красного Полумесяца СССР

As early as 1867, Imperial Russia had a relief society to primarily assist members of the military. In 1921, the International Red Cross recognized the Soviet Red Cross Society of Moscow as the singular Red Cross office in Russia at the time. By 1923, an amalgamation of the Union of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies of the USSR took place. The merger incorporated 11 Red Cross societies along with four Red Crescent societies in the Soviet Republics. Activities were administered in accordance with the union’s charter. Local branches had volunteer nurses, health-station personnel, and volunteer public health inspectors. The union participated in the work of the International Red Cross, the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF), and it worked in hospitals of the Soviet Red Cross built in developing nations.

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