Koretskii, Viktor Borisovich (Koretsky, Victor)
Корецкий, Виктор Борисович
Born Kiev, Ukraine, 1909; died Moscow, 1998
Among the Soviet poster artists of the photomontage and Socialist Realism aesthetic, Viktor Koretskii stands out as one of the most iconic. Koretskii attended Secondary Professional Art School in Moscow from 1921 to 1929. He began to work consistently as a graphic designer in 1931, immediately gaining widespread recognition. His professional break-through occurred while working for the major state publishing houses Iskusstvo and Ogiz-Izogiz. There, he concentrated on the technique of photomontage in his posters. His version of photomontage became consistent with the Socialist Realist dogma of the government, thereby departing from his former avant-garde style more closely associated with discontinuous photomontage. During the 1930s, Koretskii worked as an artistic director and decorator for Nikolai Okhlopkov 's Realistic Theatre and for Yurii Zavadsky's theatre-studio. From 1939 to 1987, he was a member of the editorial board of the publishing house Reklamfilm. Throughout World War II, he designed numerous propaganda posters for the war effort and worked for government organizations, such as the TASS (Telegraph Agency of the Soviet Union) Windows Studio, for which he designed two posters in June 1942. Koretskii also designed the first Soviet postage stamp dedicated to WWII. In 1946, he was awarded a 1st place prize for his poster in a competition dedicated to the 10th Anniversary of the October Revolution. He was a founding designer of AgitPlakat (1956). Koretskii was twice awarded the Stalin Prize, in 1946 and 1949. In 1964, he was bestowed the title of Honored Worker of Art of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic and in 1964, he was awarded a gold medal by the Soviet Peace Committee. His posters are in museum collections throughout Russia and his works are widely represented in foreign institutional collections.
Sources & Citations
Erika Wolf, Korestky: The Soviet Photo Poster: 1930-1984 (New York: The New Press, 2012).
Konstantin Akinsha, Robert Bird, Adam Jolles, "Biographies," Windows on the War: Soviet Tass Posters at Home and Abroad (1941-1945), ed. by Peter Kort Zegers and Douglas Druick (Chicago: The Art Institute of Chicago and New Haven: Yale University Press, 2011), 383. A short biography.
Yevgeniya Petrova, et al. Russian and Soviet Collages, 1920s-1990 (Saint Petersburg: Palace Edition, 2005).
G. Sintovskaia, Viktor Koretskii (Moscow: Planeta, 1984).
Viktor Koretskii, Zamteki plakatista (Moscow: Sovetskii khudozhnik, 1958).
Aleksei Fedorov-Davydov, Viktor Borisovich Koretskii: master sovetskogo plakata (Msocow: Iskusstvo, 1949).
Vladimir Kemenov, "O politicheskom placate," Stat'i ob iskusstve (Moscow: Iskusstvo, 1956): 42-73.