Koretskii, Viktor Borisovich (Koretsky, Victor)
Born 1909 Kiev, Russian Empire; died 1998, Moscow, Russia
Of the noted Soviet poster artists of the photomontage and Socialist Realism aesthetics, Viktor Borisovich Koretskii stands out as one of the most iconic. Koretskii attended the Secondary Professional Art School in Moscow from 1921 to 1929. He began working as a professional graphic designer in 1931 and he immediately gained recognition in the Soviet Union. His professional break-through occurred while working for the major state publishing houses Iskusstvo and Ogiz-Izogiz. During this that period of his work, he concentrated on (and perfected) his technique of photomontage. However, the period of the early 1930s in the Soviet Union meant that Koretskii had to move away from his own avant-garde style of discontinuous photomontage in order to be more consistent with the Socialist Realist dogma dictated by the government. During the 1930s, Koretskii also worked as an artistic director and decorator for Nikolai Okhlopkov 's Realistic Theatre and for Yurii Zavadsky's theatre-studio. From 1939 to 1987, he was a member of the editorial board of the film advertising publishing house Reklamfilm.
Throughout World War II, Koretskii designed propaganda posters for the war effort and worked for government organizations such as the TASS (Telegraph Agency of the Soviet Union) Windows Studios designing two posters for them in June 1942. He also designed the first Soviet postage stamp dedicated to the Second World War. In 1946, he was awarded a 1st place prize for his poster in a competition dedicated to the 10th Anniversary of the October Revolution. Koretskii was twice awarded the Stalin Prize for his art work in 1946 and then again in 1949. He was a founding designer of AgitPlakat (1956), an artist collective that designed posters.
In 1964, Viktor Koretskii was bestowed the title of Honored Worker of Art of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic and he was awarded a gold medal by the Soviet Peace Committee that same year. His posters are in museum collections throughout Russia and his works are widely represented in foreign institutional collections.
Fuentes y citas
Erika Wolf, Korestky: The Soviet Photo Poster: 1930-1984 (New York: The New Press, 2012).
Konstantin Akinsha, Robert Bird, Adam Jolles, "Biographies," Windows on the War: Soviet Tass Posters at Home and Abroad (1941-1945), ed. by Peter Kort Zegers and Douglas Druick (Chicago: The Art Institute of Chicago and New Haven: Yale University Press, 2011), 383. A short biography.
Yevgeniya Petrova, et al. Russian and Soviet Collages, 1920s-1990 (Saint Petersburg: Palace Edition, 2005).
G. Sintovskaia, Viktor Koretskii (Moscow: Planeta, 1984).
Viktor Koretskii, Zamteki plakatista (Moscow: Sovetskii khudozhnik, 1958).
Aleksei Fedorov-Davydov, Viktor Borisovich Koretskii: master sovetskogo plakata (Msocow: Iskusstvo, 1949).
Vladimir Kemenov, "O politicheskom placate," Stat'i ob iskusstve (Moscow: Iskusstvo, 1956): 42-73.