Work conditions at the Donbas mine. [Partial translation]

Poster Number: PP 1113
Category: Workers
Poster Notes: Upper left corner reads: Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic; upper right corner reads: Workers of the world, unite!
Media Size: 27x20.5
Poster Type: Lithograph
Publishing Date: c.1920
Technical Information on Poster: RVTs (Passed by Military Censor), Moscow
Sources & Citation: Soviet Posters of the era of the Civil War 1918-1921 by B. S. Butnik-Siverskii (1960), page 392, poster 2453
Catalog Notes: PP 1113 Workers c
Artist: Artist Unknown — неизвестный художник

The artist's name on the poster is not indicated. By assigning Artist Unknown to a poster it also could mean the artist used a chop mark whereby no signature is seen thus rendering the artist's identity anonymous.

Printer: 5th State Typolithography Workshop, Moscow (formerly Russian Partnership) — 5-я государственный типо-литография, (бывш. Русское товарищество)

Before nationalization, the 5th State Typolithography Workshop in Moscow was Russian Partnership Printing House on Krivoarbatskii (curved) lane. The 5th Lithography was placed under the Mosoblpoligraf printing trust. It is not to be confused with the 5th Typography Workshop that was also in Moscow during the same period. Krivoarbatskii Lane became Melnikov Lane (for architect Konstantin Melnikov who lived at number 10) and in 1936, it became Zhukov Street in honor of engineer Nikolai Zhkovskii who lived at house number 8. In 1991, the street reverted to Krivoarbatskii.

Publisher: Glavkomtrud and Narkomtrud (Main Labor Committee and Public Commissariat of Labor) — Главкомтруда и Наркомтруда

Glavkomtrud (Main Committee for Labor) was established in 1920 during the Russian Civil War to mobilize labor troops to help win the war and rebuild infrastructure. It was divided into provincial branches called Кomtruds (Labor Committees) to carryout the plan. Glavkomtrud and the Komtruds were interdepartmental organizations devised for coordinating mandatory labor conscription. The People’s Commissariat for Labor (Narkomtrud) collected data concerning the number of eligible workers for conscription. Labor mobilization spanned a variety of occupations from mining, metal smelting and shipbuilding, to the textile and food industries. Peasants were also required to mobilize. Additionally, Glavkomtrud reigned-in labor desertion at factories and trade unions.