The Communist Party of Ukraine Has Constructed a Workers and Peasants Ukrainian Government. In 1917, the working people of all Russia revolted and overthrew the hangman, [Tsar] Nicholas II. [Partial translation]

Poster Number: PP 1156
Category: Civil War
Poster Notes: The Red Army soldier is holding (clockwise) with his left hand, Nestor Mankhno the leader of the Black Army of Ukraine, Kurk [possibly a person named Kurkulin], a bottle of Samogon [i.e. moonshine], Denikin [a White Russian general], Wrangel [another White Russian general], Kerenskii [Alexander Kerenskii, Russian minister of the Provisional Government]; Skoropadskyi [Ukraine "Hetman" puppet leader Pavlo Skoropadskyi], Petliura [Symon V. Petliura, a Ukraine Social Democrat who succeeded Skoropadskyi], "Peace" [on sheet held by figure representing a German officer], "Goods" [held by figure representing a foreign capitalist whose sheet reads “Trade agreement”], and another figure with a treaty reading “Peace”; Under soldier's right foot is the crown of the Tsar; [Upper right corner]: "Workers of the world, unite!"
Media Size: 24.5x19.5
Poster Type: Lithograph
Publishing Date: 1921
Technical Information on Poster: No. 1051; RVTs (Passed by Military Censor), Kiev 1921
Catalog Notes: PP 1156 Civil War c
Artist: Marenkov, Alexei Vasilievich — Марков, Алексей Васильевич
Printer: 2nd Soviet Typography [Photo-Lithography] Workshop, Kiev —

The 2nd Soviet Typography Workshop was located at 4 Pushkin Street in Kiev, Ukraine. Over a period of management changes, this printer was also known as the Photo-Lithography Workshop as well as the Soviet Printing Office.

Publisher: State Publishing House, Kiev — Государственное издательство, Киев

The State Publishing House had its origins in Imperial Russia as the Royal Print Yard in St. Petersburg. As the Red Army controlled more provinces and cities in former Imperial Russia, the State Publishing House developed offices outside St. Petersburg. Kiev was a major city of Imperial Russia as well as of the USSR. Once Soviet control was established in Ukraine, publishing was concentrated in the State Publishing House that existed from 1919-1930. Today, Kiev is the capital of the Ukrainian Republic.