Happy New Year

Poster Number: PP 1202
Category: Civil War
Poster Notes: Soldier at middle is holding the book "The ABC of Communism" written in 1919 by Nikolai Bukharin (1888-1938), General Secretary of the Communist International, and Evgenii Preobrazhenskii (1886-1937), a member of the Central Committee. Both authors were arrested, tried and executed in the Stalinist Purges; the poster was likely published late 1922 for the 1923 New Year; [Top left] Russian Socialist Federated Soviet Republic; [Top right] Workers of all Countries, Unite!
Media Size: 44x30
Poster Type: Lithograph
Publishing Date: c. 1922
Technical Information on Poster: Publication No. 2596; RVTs (Passed by Military Censor) No.999, Moscow
Sources & Citation: Soviet Posters of the era of the Civil War 1918-1921 by B. S. Butnik-Siverskii (1960), page 310, poster 1668.
Catalog Notes: PP 1202 Civil War c
Artist: Kogout, Nikolai Nikolaevich — Когоут, Николай Николаевич

Nikolai Nikolaevich Kogout was one of the preeminent artists of the poster genre during Russia's early revolutionary period. In 1913, Kogout graduated from the Stroganov Central School of Industrial Art in Moscow and subsequently attended VKhUTEMAS [Higher Art and Technical Studios]. He contributed works to the seventh exhibition of the art group L'Araignée and exhibited at Galerie Devambe in Paris in 1925. During the Russian Civil War, Kogout designed posters from 1918 to 1920 in the Revvoensovet-- the propaganda department of the Red Army. He also created illustrations for the journals Bezbozhnik u stanka and Daesh'.

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Printer: MSNKh 5th Typolithography, Moscow — МСНХ 5-я типо-литография, Москва

The MSNKh (Moscow Council of National Economy) 5th Typography Workshop was located in Moscow. It was transferred (around 1920) to the MSNKh. As with other state-run printers during the 1920s, it was likely placed (for a time) under Mospechat’, a state-owned printing trust. Documentation from 1922 indicates the 5th Typography Workshop was operating under the Mospoligraf Trust.

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Publisher: State Publishing House — Государственный издательство

The State Publishing House had its origins in Imperial Russia as the Royal Print Yard in St. Petersburg. The Soviets nationalized the print yard in 1917 and requisitioned its presses. From requisitioning emerged the Publishing House of the Petrograd Soviet, formed in the winter of 1917 by the Literary and Publishing Department of People's Commissariat for Education. As the Red Army controlled more provinces and cities in former Imperial Russia, the State Publishing House developed offices outside St. Petersburg. For example in May 1919, the All-Russian Central Executive Committee created the State Publishing House of the RSFSR (Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic) in Moscow. Publishing offices were later created elsewhere around Soviet Russia as well as in outlying republics.

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