The Ukrainian Red Army is liberating its people!

Poster Number: PP 257
Category: Civil War
Poster Notes: At top of poster: "Russian Socialist Federated Soviet Republic – Workers of all countries, unite!" The fight for the control of Ukraine lasted from 1917 until 1921 and ran concurrently with the Russian Civil War.
Media Size: 32x25
Poster Type: Lithograph
Publishing Date: c.1919
Sources & Citation: Soviet Posters of the era of the Civil War 1918-1921 by B. S. Butnik-Siverskii (1960), page 315, poster 1819; Russian Revolutionary Posters by V. Polonskii (1925), page 140, poster 228
Catalog Notes: PP 257 Civil War
Artist: Artist Unknown — неизвестный художник

The artist's name on the poster is not indicated. By assigning Artist Unknown to a poster it also could mean the artist used a chop mark whereby no signature is seen thus rendering the artist's identity anonymous.

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Printer: I.N. Kushnerev Typolithography, Moscow —

Russian entrepreneur Ivan Kushnerev founded the Ivan Kushnerev & Company Printing Shop in 1869 in Moscow. Having tried his hand at publishing, Kushnerev turned to printing and opened a small shop “with a dozen workers, one hand press, and a single printing machine.” In 1903, the shop acquired Moscow’s first linotype press. As his business grew he brought-in partners. When Kushnerev died in 1896 his printing company was one of the largest in Imperial Russia.

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Publisher: VTsIK (All-Russian Central Executive Committee), Moscow — ВЦИК

Known by its acronym VTsIK (Vserossiyskii Centralny Ispolnitelny Komitet), the All-Russian Central Executive Committee of Soviets of Workers', Peasants', Red Army and Cossack Deputies was the highest legislative, administrative and amending body of government in the RSFSR (Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic) from 1917 until 1936. The initial Executive Committee was elected during the first All-Russian Congress of Soviets held in Petrograd (St. Petersburg) in June 1917. In late 1922, the Soviet Union was formed and it was comprised of the RSFSR along with three other Soviet republics. The All-Russian Central Executive Committee then became the second-highest level (federal-republic) governing body. Following a reformation of the Soviet Constitution in 1936, the Supreme Soviet of the RSFSR replaced VTsIK.

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