Miner, Be Aware! "Miner-worker! You know working Russia is pressing, as if in a vice, the circle of people filled with mind-destroying envy and fear of the workers’ and peasants’ republic, the vultures of Tsar Capital. Working Russia is fighting back year-by-year, day-by-day against the suffocators of freedom, its former executioners." [Partial translation]

Poster Number: PP 413
Category: Workers
Poster Notes: Poster was created for VSNKh (Supreme Soviet of National Economy) and TsKVS (All-Russian Soviet of National Industry).
Media Size: 42.5x33
Poster Type: Lithograph
Publishing Date: 1920
Sources & Citation: Soviet Posters of the era of the Civil War 1918-1921 by B.S. Butnik-Siverskii (1960), pages 352-353, poster 2089
Catalog Notes: PP 413 Workers b
Artist: Artist Unknown — неизвестный художник

The artist's name on the poster is not indicated. By assigning Artist Unknown to a poster it also could mean the artist used a chop mark whereby no signature is seen thus rendering the artist's identity anonymous.

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Printer: MGSNKh Typo-lithography Workshop, Moscow — Типо-литография МГСНХ, Москва

MGSNKh (Moscow City Council of National Economy) was formed in 1918. It municipalized hundreds of local printing enterprises during the Russian Civil War when hoarding of ink, paper and production equipment was prevalent. For its own printing needs, the MGSNKh took over several printing houses such as the 2nd Typography Workshop, the 3rd State Typolithography Workshop (formerly owned by Ivan Kushnerev) and the 15th Lithographic Workshop formerly under the ownership of Ivan Mashistov.

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Publisher: VSNKh (Supreme Soviet of National Economy) — ВСНХ

VSNKh was the Supreme Soviet of National Economy (Vysshiy Sovet Narodnogo Khoziaistva). It was formed in December 1917 to organize the economic plan and financial administration of emerging Soviet Russia. VSNKh is at times cited as "Vesenkha"-- a portmanteau variation. In 1931-32, VSNKh was broken up into seventeen ministries and out of the division came, the People's Commissariats for Heavy Industry, Light Industry, and the Timber Industry. VSNKh was again re-instituted on a national level (from 1963-1965) as the Supreme Soviet of the National Economy of the Council of Ministers of the USSR.

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