The Tsar, the Priest and the Kulak. All kulaks stand for the Tsar. And priests are weeping for the Tsar. That’s why under the Tsar the land fed the landlords. The landlord used to beat his peasant with two sticks. And the Tsar was the biggest landlord and all his ministers also were landlords. Because of this it is not surprising the Tsar kept watch over the land of the landlords, strangled peasants -- screwed them with huge taxes. Who prays for the Tsar? The priest who takes in return for his prayers easy money and church land and is screwing the peasant with church services. [Partial translation]

Poster Number: PP 621
Category: Civil War
Poster Notes: Poster is in Ukrainian language. Glitai is the Ukrainian word for the Russian word, kulak. While glitai literally means swallow bird, it is used here for a person who is a blood-sucker.
Media Size: 31.5x24
Poster Type: Lithograph
Publishing Date: 1918
Technical Information on Poster: Moscow - 1918
Sources & Citation: Soviet Posters of the era of the Civil War 1918-1921 by B. S. Butnik-Siverskii (1960), pages 214-215, poster 708
Catalog Notes: PP 621 Civil War; Sister poster to PP 890
Artist: Schiemann (Shiman), Eduard Gustavovich — Шиман, Эдуард Густавович
Printer: Printer not indicated —
Publisher: VTsIK (All-Russian Central Executive Committee), Moscow — ВЦИК

Known by its acronym VTsIK (Vserossiyskii Centralny Ispolnitelny Komitet), the All-Russian Central Executive Committee of Soviets of Workers', Peasants', Red Army and Cossack Deputies was the highest legislative, administrative and amending body of government in the RSFSR (Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic) from 1917 until 1936. The initial Executive Committee was elected during the first All-Russian Congress of Soviets held in Petrograd (St. Petersburg) in June 1917. In late 1922, the Soviet Union was formed and it was comprised of the RSFSR along with three other Soviet republics. The All-Russian Central Executive Committee then became the second-highest level (federal-republic) governing body. Following a reformation of the Soviet Constitution in 1936, the Supreme Soviet of the RSFSR replaced VTsIK.

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