The Red Army is the faithful defender of October, the mainstay of the architecture of peace, the USSR.

Poster Number: PP 715
Category: Military
Poster Notes:

Poster is in Polish language. [At lower left] “We do not want an inch of foreign soil, but we will not give up an inch of our territory." -Stalin.
This poster is from a series printed in various languages during the era of tension along the Russo-Chinese border following the creation of the Japanese Manchu State in Manchuria, China. The image of the soldier in the background (of the three on the poster) is likely of Evenk (Tungus) or Manchu origin. Evenks are indigenous people of the areas along the Sino-Soviet border.

Media Size: 44x32
Poster Type: Lithograph and Offset
Publishing Date: 1932
Editorial Information: Editor E. Povolotskaia; Technical Editor Gusev
Technical Information on Poster: Izogiz No. 4982; I. 35; Submitted for production August 9, 1932; Approved for printing August 26, 1932; Order No. 5796; Standard format 73 x 104; Volume 1 sheet of paper; Price 60 kopeks
Glavlit Directory Number: B-252..[illegible]
Sources & Citation: Mercer and Middlesex Auctions, LLC (2011).
Catalog Notes: PP 715 Military; Sister Poster PP 089
Artist: Liubimov — Любимов
Printer: Krasnii Proletarii (Red Proletarian), Moscow —

The Krasnii Proletarii Workshop (A.K.A. 3rd Krasnii Proletarii Typography Workshop) was located at 16 Krasnoproletarskaia Street in Moscow. Around 1920 the printing workshop was placed under the management of the Poligrafkniga (Book and Magazine Printing) Trust. Historically, this printer was first under the ownership of the Russian entrepreneur Ivan Kushnerev who founded the Ivan Kushnerev & Company Printing Shop in 1869 in Moscow. When Kushnerev died in 1896 his company was one of the largest printers in Imperial Russia. The Kushnerev shop was nationalized by the Soviets in 1919 and consigned to the Printing Section of the Moscow Economic Council. It was then re-named the 3rd State Typolithography Workshop and, for a brief period, it was the 20th State Typolithography Workshop. It became the 3rd Krasnii Proletarii Book Printing Plant when its location (on Pimenovskaia Street) was re-named Krasnoproletarskaia (Red Proletarian) Street. The workshop retained the Krasnii Proletarii moniker while its management (via a series of state trusts) varied over the next fifty years.

Publisher: Ogiz-IzoGiz, Moscow-Leningrad — Огиз-Изогиз, Москва-Ленинград

Ogiz (Ob"edinenie gosudarstvennykh knizhno-zhurnal'nykh izdatel'stv) is the Association of the State Book and Magazine Publishers. It was established in 1930 by the RSFSR Sovnarkom to centralize all publishing activities in the Soviet Union. Aside from centralization, Ogiz helped eliminate duplication of printed products. Posters, art magazines and artistic books were placed under the Izogiz (Izobrazitel'noe iskusstvo) fine arts section of Ogiz. In 1963, Izogiz was re-named Sovetskii khudozhnik, "Soviet Artist".