In February of 1940 the pilots Sokolov and Kozachenko were flying back to their airfield after an air fight. It was clear above the snowy clouds. Suddenly Sokolov sighted a group of Belofinn planes in a formation of twelve “Volkers”. The force of the enemy exceeded ours by six times. [Partial translation]

Poster Number: PP 741
Category: World War II
Poster Notes: The story relayed on this poster concerns the Soviet battle against Finland in the 1940 "Winter War".
Media Size: 40x16
Poster Type: Lithograph and Offset
Publishing Date: 1941
Editorial Information: Editor E. Povolotskaia
Technical Information on Poster: [Approved for printing] May 30, 1941; Order No. 343; Publication No. 5212; Volume 8/9ths sheet of paper; Price 60 kopeks
Glavlit Directory Number: A-38722
Catalog Notes: PP 741 World War II b
Artist: Dolgorukov, Nikolai Andreevich — Долгоруков, Николай Андреевич

In 1928, Nikolai Andreevich Dolgorukov moved from his native Ekaterinburg to Moscow in order to attend VKhUTEIN (Higher State Artistic and Technical Institute). After that organization dissolved in 1930, Dolgorukov continued his studies at the Moscow Polygraphic Institute under the tutelage of artists Lev Bruni and Dimitri Moor. Dolgorukov's training was in illustrated political satire as well as in poster design and each of these areas became the main focus of his long career. After graduation, he collaborated with fellow poster artist Viktor Deni. The duo went on to design a host of iconic Soviet posters during the 1930s and 1940s. Dolgorukov also created illustrations for a number of prominent newspapers: Krasnaia Zvezda [Red Star] (1933), Pravda [Truth], (1934), Izvestia [News] (1949), and for numerous journals including Proektor [Projector] (1932-1935), Sovetskii Soldat [Soviet Soldier] (1941) and Iskra [Spark] (1942). He produced a variety of popular posters, such as Under the Banner of Lenin toward the Formation of a Classless Society (1932) and Five-Year Plan (1933; co-authored with Deni). During World War II, he remained active as a graphic designer and a cartoonist producing a myriad of posters including, We'll Sweep Away the Fascist Barbarians (1941) and The Enemy Will Not Have Mercy! He contributed two poster designs to the Soviet telegraph TASS Studio between the autumn of 1942 and the autumn of 1943.

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Printer: 3rd Krasnii Proletarii (Red Proletarian) Typography Workshop of Poligrafkniga of Ogiz, Moscow — 3-я типография Красный Пролетарий Типография треста Полиграфкнига (ОГИЗа)

The 3rd Krasnii Proletarii Typography Workshop of the Poligrafkniga Trust was located at 16 Krasnoproletarskaia Street in Moscow. It was placed under the Poligrafkniga (Book and Magazine Printing) Trust around 1920.

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Publisher: Iskusstvo (Art Publishing House), Moscow-Leningrad — Искусство, Москва-Ленинград

Iskusstvo was the Art Publishing House (A.K.A. Visual Arts Publishing) that was created in 1936 from Ogiz-Izogiz (State Art and Literature Publishing House). It disseminated books and journals dealing with graphic design and the fine arts, and it issued numerous posters. Since the Iskusstvo banner was part of the State Printing Works in Leningrad (St. Petersburg) and Moscow, its two main offices were located in those two cities.

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