The artist's name on the poster is not indicated. By assigning Artist Unknown to a poster it also could mean the artist used a chop mark whereby no signature is seen thus rendering the artist's identity anonymous.
In April 1918, the People’s Commissariat for Military Affairs issued a decree forming military councils (soviets). This action established commissariats for military matters at the rural, provincial and district levels and it formed the All-Russian Bureau of Military Commissars (VBVK). The formation of the Bureau was the cornerstone for the development of the modern Soviet Military. As standard-bearers of the Bolshevik Party, the All-Russian Bureau of Military Commissars organized and implemented the Party’s political work among the troops and assumed political control via specialists, Party cells and political sections. In April 1919, the All-Russian Bureau of Military Commissars was dissolved. In its place was established (between May and October) the Political Section of the Revolutionary Military Council (PUR) that took command of political, educational and agitation work in the military. During the Russian Civil War PUR formed the backbone of leadership within the political agencies inside the Red Army and the Red Navy. In 1920, PUR was reconstituted into the Political Administration of the Red Army (PURKKA).