Down with ignorance and backwardness! (I.) Red Army Soldiers! [Krasnoarmeets] The illiterate are fooled by priests, dukes and other dark forces without even noticing it. (II.) But no force can overcome you if you are educated and knowledgeable.

Poster Number: PP 804
Poster Notes: At right is the book "The ABC of Communism" written in 1919 by Nikolai Bukharin (1888-1938), General Secretary of the Communist International, and Evgenii Preobrazhenskii (1886-1937), a member of the Central Committee. Both authors were arrested, tried and executed in the Stalinist Purges. The book was the most widely read political work of the Russian Civil War period. This poster was published in 1920 shortly after the formation of the Special Commission for Liquidation of Illiteracy in the Red Army and Red Fleet that occurred in July that year. The Commission was called Likbez (likvidatsiia bezgramotnosti) for short and it was a campaign to "liquidate illiteracy". All people aged 8 to 50 years were required to be literate in their native language. Krasnoarmeets, a term used on this poster, was a Red Army designation for a soldier below the rank of non-commissioned officer.
Media Size: Please inquire
Poster Type: Lithograph
Publishing Date: 1920
Catalog Notes: PP 804 Education & Literacy
Artist: Artist Unknown — неизвестный художник

The artist's name on the poster is not indicated. By assigning Artist Unknown to a poster it also could mean the artist used a chop mark whereby no signature is seen thus rendering the artist's identity anonymous.

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Printer: 2nd Soviet Typography [Photo-Lithography] Workshop, Kiev —

The 2nd Soviet Typography Workshop was located at 4 Pushkin Street in Kiev, Ukraine. Over a period of management changes, this printer was also known as the Photo-Lithography Workshop as well as the Soviet Printing Office.

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