Literate, Teach the Illiterate!

Poster Number: PP 924
Poster Notes: Poster is in Russian as well as in Tundra Nenets language spoken from western Siberia. The Nenets had no written language until 1932 when the Soviets established their Latin-based alphabet. The first Nenets spelling book, Jadəj wada [New Word], is held by the man illustrated on the poster. The poster was likely distributed by NIANIS, the research section of the Peoples of the North Institute, an organization that completed the Unified Northern Alphabet to serve as the basis for languages of other indigenous populations in the USSR.
Media Size: 32x24
Poster Type: Lithograph
Publishing Date: c. 1932
Editorial Information: Editor A. Barnov; Technical Editor F. Tarasov
Technical Information on Poster: [Printed at] 3 Mir Street
Catalog Notes: PP 924 Education & Literacy
Artist: Ksenofontov, Timofei Ivanovich — Ксенофонтов, Тимофей Тванович
Printer: 24th Lithography Workshop of the Poligrafkniga Trust of Ogiz, Leningrad —

Historically, the 24th Lithography Workshop was owned by Fedor Kibbel' prior to Soviet nationalization. It was located at Kronverkskaia and Mir Streets in St. Petersburg (Petrograd). Shortly after the workshop was nationalized, it became the 1st State Lithography Workshop named in honor of Mikhail Pavlovich Tomskii (1880-1936), the head of the Soviet trade union and director of the State Publishing House. By the 1930s, this workshop became the 24th Lithography Workshop of Ogiz (Association of State Book and Magazine Publishers) and it was managed by the Poligrafkniga (Book and Magazine Printing) Trust.

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Publisher: Ogiz-IzoGiz, Moscow-Leningrad — Огиз-Изогиз, Москва-Ленинград

Ogiz (Ob"edinenie gosudarstvennykh knizhno-zhurnal'nykh izdatel'stv) is the Association of the State Book and Magazine Publishers. It was established in 1930 by the RSFSR Sovnarkom to centralize all publishing activities in the Soviet Union. Aside from centralization, Ogiz helped eliminate duplication of printed products. Posters, art magazines and artistic books were placed under the Izogiz (Izobrazitel'noe iskusstvo) fine arts section of Ogiz. In 1963, Izogiz was re-named Sovetskii khudozhnik, "Soviet Artist".

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