The All-Union Population Census of 1939. It is the obligation of the citizen to participate in the census and give truthful answers to all questions on the census form.

Poster Number: PP 925
Category: Events
Poster Notes: The 1939 Soviet census is mired in historical debate as is its 1937 counterpart but the 1939 results were less deadly. Following the 1937 census, reportedly a host of workers in the Central Administration for National Economic Accounting (the agency handling the census) were arrested and/or executed after disagreement erupted over the low population findings. As a result, the 1939 census was strictly controlled when it came to the results. However, the 1939 statistics were not made public at the time and, the USSR did not undertake another census until 1959.
Media Size: 41x28.5
Poster Type: Lithograph and Offset
Publishing Date: 1938
Editorial Information: Editor S.N. Golovin; Technical Editor I.A. Kaplun
Technical Information on Poster: Submitted for production October 22, 1938. Approved for printing October 23, 1938; Format 62x94 [cm] – 1 sheet; Order No. 2897; Second Printing; [Price] Free; Printed on an intaglio rotational machine at "Gudok" Typography Workshop, Moscow, 7 Stankevich Street
Glavlit Directory Number: B-8380. Mosoblgorlit, Moscow Regional and City Department of Literature and Publishing
Sources & Citation:

"Investigation of the Ukrainian Famine: 1932-1933; report to Congress." (1988). Washington: U.S. Government Printing Office.
"Research Guide to the Russian and Soviet Censuses", edited by Ralph S. Clem (1984).
Ullman, M. B., & United States. (1959). "The 1939 U.S.S.R. census of population: Organization and methodology: with notes on plans for the 1959 census of population." Washington, D.C.: Foreign Manpower Research Office, Bureau of the Census.

Catalog Notes: PP 925 Events b
Artist: Zhukov, Nikolai Nikolaevich — Жуков, Николай Николаевич

Nikolai Nikolaevich Zhukov was a graphic designer, cartoonist and artist. Zhukov studied primary art education at the Nizhny Novgorod Art and Industrial College. In 1928 he enrolled the A.P. Bogolyubov Saratov Art College and graduated in 1930. After serving in the military he moved back to Moscow around 1932. During the Second World War, he was the artistic director of the Odessa-based "Studio of Military Artists named for Mitrofan Borisovich Grekov". From 1941 to 1945 he worked on the front-line for the newspaper Pravda and worked in the editorial offices of an army newspaper on the Kalinin Front . During the war, Zhukov's illustrations appeared in the army newspaper "To Defeat the Enemy."

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Artist: Kovan'ko, Sergei Matveevich — Кованько Сергей Матвеевич

Sergei Matveevich Kovan'ko (1908–1949) worked in applied and industrial graphics for most of his career. He studied at the Architecture School of the Kharkov Art Institute in Ukraine. In the late 1920s and into the early 1930s, he illustrated Vsesvit (Universe) magazine in Kharkov and illustrated and designed books for the Young Guard publishing house, the Art publishing house and several other publications. Kovan'ko designed the Soviet section of the International Aviation Exhibition in Milan (1935). In 1949, a retrospective exhibition of his work was held in Moscow.

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Printer: Gudok Typography Workshop, Moscow —

This printer was located in Moscow at 7 Stankevich Street. Gudok is the Russian word for whistle and this was also the name given to the railway industry newspaper in the Soviet Union.

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