Poster Plakat A Collection of Posters from the Soviet Union and its Satellite Nations

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1st State Typo-lithography Workshop, Moscow (formerly Sytin)

The 1st State Typo-lithography Workshop began as the Sharapov-Sytin Partnership in the era before the Russian Revolution. Ivan Dmitrievich Sytin (1851-1934) was the son of a peasant from the Kostroma region northeast of Moscow. In the 1860s, Sytin worked in Moscow as an apprentice and then manager for a printing shop owned by Peter Nikolaevich Sharapov. In 1879, Sytin opened his own printing shop in Moscow using a single press.

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The 1st State Typo-lithography Workshop began as the Sharapov-Sytin Partnership in the era before the Russian Revolution. Ivan Dmitrievich Sytin (1851-1934) was the son of a peasant from the Kostroma region northeast of Moscow. In the 1860s, Sytin worked in Moscow as an apprentice and then manager for a printing shop owned by Peter Nikolaevich Sharapov. In 1879, Sytin opened his own printing shop in Moscow using a single press. By the start of the 20th century his shop (at Valovaia and Piatnitskaia streets) became the largest private printing company in tsarist Russia. In late 1918, the Bolsheviks commandeered the Royal Print Yard and also nationalized Sytin's printing business. They transformed the Yard into Gosizdat (State Publishing House) while Sytin's operations became the 1st State Typo-lithography and later, it became the 1st Exemplary Printing Workshop-- Gosizdat was its contract printer. In 1931, the 1st Exemplary Gosizdat Printing Workshop was placed under Ogiz, the state publishing entity.

After World War II, the workshop was re-named in honor of Andrei Zhdanov (the deceased Soviet political leader) and placed in the Glavpoligrafizdat Trust (Main Administration for Matters of Polygraphic Industry Publishing and Book Selling). The trust was formed in 1949 to oversee printing, publishing and the retail book trade in the USSR.

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Sources & Citations

Millar, J. R. (2004). Encyclopedia of Russian history. New York: Macmillan Reference.
Ruud, C. A. (1990). Russian entrepreneur: Publisher Ivan Sytin of Moscow, 1851-1934. Montreal: McGill-Queen's University Press.