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MSNKh 16th State Publishing Typography Workshop, Moscow (formerly Levinson)

The MSNKh (Moscow Council of National Economy) 16th State Publishing Typography Workshop was the A.A. Levenson Partnership before it was nationalized by the Soviets. Levenson's Partnership dates to 1887 in Moscow when Aleksandr Aleksandrovich Levenson developed a printing plant with a speed press. His operation expanded to 450 workers by 1913.

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The MSNKh (Moscow Council of National Economy) 16th State Publishing Typography Workshop was the A.A. Levenson Partnership before it was nationalized by the Soviets. Levenson's Partnership dates to 1887 in Moscow when Aleksandr Aleksandrovich Levenson developed a printing plant with a speed press. His operation expanded to 450 workers by 1913. During World War I, Levinson's printing operation was subjugated under the Zemgorom (Chief Army Supply Committee of the All-Russian Union of Cities and Towns) for use during the war. With onset of the Russian Revolution in 1917, the printing firm was nationalized and transferred (around 1920) to the MSNKh and re-named the 16th State Printing Workshop. It placed under Mospechat’, a state-owned printing trust and at a later date, it was placed under the Mospoligraf Trust.

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