Typography named for the 26 Baku Commissars, Baku
The 26 Baku Commissars Typography was located at 3 Ali Bairamov Street in Baku, Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic. Historically, the 26 commissars were a group of Bolshevik and Left Socialist Revolutionary members of the Baku Soviet (a.k.a. Baku Commune), a communist quasi-state in the Azerbaijan Democratic Republic of 1917-1918. Their rule was cut short when they were apprehended by the anti-Soviet Centro-Caspian administration of Azerbaijan. Although they were freed (by Red Army forces), the commissars were re-apprehended and executed by firing squad in September 1918. In the Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic as well as in the Soviet Union, the 26 commissars were considered iconic, fallen heroes of the October Revolution. They were exalted in poems, school books, film and sculpture.
Sources & Citations
Gasimov, Z. (2018). Historical dictionary of Azerbaijan. Lanham: Rowman & Littlefield
Ter Minassian, T. (2014). Most Secret Agent of Empire: Reginald Teague-Jones, master spy of the great game. New York: Oxford University Press (General overview of the execution and the role of Reginald Teague-Jones)
Bummell, P. (2005). Turkmenistan: The Brandt Travel Guide. London: Brandt Travel Guides, Ltd. (P.143, bio on the 26 Baku Commissars)
Suny, R. G. (1972). The Baku commune, 1917-1918: Class and nationality in the russian revolution. Princeton: Princeton University Press. (A significant work on the history of the Baku Soviet a.k.a. Baku Commune)