Poster Plakat A Collection of Posters from the Soviet Union and its Satellite Nations

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Bureau of Proletkult, East Caucasus [Region]

Proletarskaia Kultura (Proletarian Culture) was known by its portmanteau name, Proletkult. It was an artist cooperative established in 1917 and its formation was supposed to provide the foundations for a new proletarian art, "liberated from bourgeois, pre-Soviet culture." Its mission emphasized that the proletariat would create a new culture in Soviet Russia and the art produced by that new culture would propagate the collective accomplishments of individuals, workers and peasants.

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Proletarskaia Kultura (Proletarian Culture) was known by its portmanteau name, Proletkult. It was an artist cooperative established in 1917 and its formation was supposed to provide the foundations for a new proletarian art, "liberated from bourgeois, pre-Soviet culture." Its mission emphasized that the proletariat would create a new culture in Soviet Russia and the art produced by that new culture would propagate the collective accomplishments of individuals, workers and peasants. Although Proletkult members tried to remain apolitical, accomplishments of the cooperative were rare as group decisions were (at times) plagued by bickering and its management tended to operate haphazardly. In 1920, Proletkult lost its independence after being attached to the People's Commissariat of Education (Narkompros). Thereafter, the artist cooperative was brought in line with the educational and artistic policies of Soviet Russia. By late 1921 Proletkult activity declined rapidly and in 1922, the cooperative lost funding from Narkompros. Proletkult was formally dissolved in 1932.

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Sources & Citations

Mally, L. (1990). Culture of the future: The Proletkult movement in revolutionary Russia. Berkeley: University of California Press.
RadoĢ, S. (1928). Guide-book to the Soviet Union, issued by the Society for Cultural Relations of the Soviet Union with Foreign Countries. Berlin: Neuer Deutscher Verlag.