IzoGiz (State Publishing House of Fine Art), Moscow-Leningrad
The history of IzoGiz begins with the formation of Ogiz, the Association of the State Book and Magazine Publishers. In 1930, the Sovnarkom of the Russian Socialist Federative Soviet Republic established Ogiz to centralize publishing under a monopoly in order to eliminate duplication of printed material, to streamline and control publishing production and its output, and to create a base for marketing books, training and technical manuals. In 1931, the Central Committee of the USSR ordered certain publications be separated from Ogiz. The separation principally affected technical manuals and propaganda material issued by the publisher. For example, posters, art magazines and artistic books were placed under Izogiz (Izobrazitel'noe iskusstvo), the fine arts section of Ogiz. In 1963, Izogiz was merged with the publishing house, "Soviet Artist" (Sovetskii khudozhnik).
Sources & Citations
Mandel' B. R. (2014). Knizhnoye delo i istoriya knigi DirectMedia: Moskva. (PP. 287-288, Ogiz general history)
Omskii oblastnoi muzei izobrazitelʹnykh iskusstv im. M.A. Vrubelya. (2004). Dekabr'skiye dialogi: materialy nauchnoy konferentsii pamyati F.V. Melekhina. ( Journal, Vol. 6, P. 161, Izogiz 1963 merger with Soviet Artist Publishing)
Rosenfeld, A. (1999). Defining Russian graphic arts: From Diaghilev to Stalin, 1898-1934. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers Univ. Press. (P. 299, Ogiz history and Izogiz)
Bonnell, V. E. (1999). Iconography of power: Soviet political posters under Lenin and Stalin. Berkeley: University of California Press. (PP. 6, 54, Centralization of publishing from 1930-‘31)