Leningrad Union of Consumer Societies
The Leningrad Union of Consumer Societies (Leningradskii Soiuz Potrebitel'nykh Obshchestv), abbreviated LSPO, was formed in 1924 out of a reorganization of the Petrograd Unified Consumer Society (PEPo). The LSPO was later named the Leningrad Consumer Cooperatives.
Sources & Citations
Chernyshova, N. (2013). Soviet consumer culture in the Brezhnev era. Abingdon: Routledge. (Overview of consumers’ societies in the USSR)
Hilton, M. L. (2012). Selling to the masses: Retailing in Russia, 1880-1930. Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press (mention of Leningrad Union of Consumers’ Societies)
Bacino, L. J. (1999). Reconstructing Russia: U.S. policy in revolutionary Russia, 1917-1922. Kent: Kent State University Press. (Role of consumers’ societies in the USSR after 1917)
Viaytkin, M.P., Bakser, A.Z., Institut istorii SSSR, Akademiia nauk SSSR. (1955). Ocherki istorii Leningrada. Moskva: Izd-vo Akademii nauk SSSR. (Petrograd-Leningrad Consumer Society)
Mezhdunarodnyi agrarnyi institut. (1930). Ezhegodnik agrarnoi literatury SSSR za. 1929 Moskva: Institut. (P. 161, notes 1927 name change to cooperatives)