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MSNKh 16th State Publishing Typography Workshop, Moscow

МСНХ 16-я государственная издательская типография

The MSNKh (Moscow Council of National Economy) published information utilizing the 16th State Publishing Typography Workshop. Historically, the 16th State Publishing Typography was the A.A. Levenson Partnership before it was nationalized by the Soviets. Levenson's Partnership dates to 1887 in Moscow when Aleksandr Aleksandrovich Levenson developed a printing plant with a speed press. His operations expanded to 450 workers by 1913. During World War I, the printer was subjugated under the Zemgorom (Chief Army Supply Committee of the All-Russian Union of Cities and Towns) for use during the war. With onset of the Russian Revolution in 1917, Levenson's printing firm was nationalized and transferred (around 1920) to the MSNKh and re-named the 16th State Printing Workshop.