Ogiz (Association of State Book-Magazine Publishing Houses), Leningrad
Ogiz (Ob"edinenie gosudarstvennykh knizhno-zhurnal'nykh izdatel'stv) is the Association of the State Book and Magazine Publishers. It was established in 1930 by the RSFSR Sovnarkom to centralize all publishing activities in the Soviet Union. Aside from centralization, Ogiz helped eliminate duplication of printed products. Posters, art magazines and artistic books were placed under the Izogiz (Izobrazitel'noe iskusstvo) fine arts section of Ogiz. In 1931 the Central Committee of the USSR ordered certain publications be separated from Ogiz, chiefly those materials having a propaganda nature and technical manuals. In 1949, Ogiz and its functions were transferred to Glavpoligrafizdat (Main Administration for Matters of Polygraphic Industry, Publishing and Book Selling). In 1954, Glavpoligrafizdat was re-named Glavizdat. Thereafter, all publishing, printing and bookselling became separated into three distinct entities.