Ogiz (Association of State Book-Magazine Publishing Houses), Leningrad
Ogiz was the Association of the State Book and Magazine Publishers. Its main offices were located in Moscow and in Leningrad. The Sovnarkom of the Russian Socialist Federative Soviet Republic established Ogiz in 1930 to centralize publishing activities under a state monopoly in order to eliminate duplication of printed material, streamline and control publishing production and output, and to create a base for marketing books, training and technical manuals. In 1931, the Central Committee of the USSR ordered certain publications be separated from Ogiz. This principally affected technical manuals and propaganda material issued by the publisher. For example, posters, art magazines and artistic books were placed under Izogiz (Izobrazitel'noe iskusstvo), the fine arts section of Ogiz. In 1949, Ogiz was reorganized and merged into Glavpoligrafizdat, the Main Administration for Matters of the Polygraphic Industry, Publishing and Book Selling. In 1953, Glavpoligrafizdat was reorganized and renamed, Glavizdat. Thereafter, the publishing, printing and bookselling monopoly in the USSR was separated into three distinct divisions.
Sources & Citations
Mandel' B. R. (2014). Knizhnoye delo i istoriya knigi DirectMedia: Moskva. (PP. 287-288, Ogiz general history)
Rosenfeld, A. (1999). Defining Russian graphic arts: From Diaghilev to Stalin, 1898-1934. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers Univ. Press. (P. 299, Ogiz history and Izogiz)
Bonnell, V. E. (1999). Iconography of power: Soviet political posters under Lenin and Stalin. Berkeley: University of California Press. (PP. 6, 54, Centralization of publishing from 1930-‘31)
Volk, A., Rakovic, A. (1977). Knigoizdatelʹskoe delo v Belorussii: istoriceskij ocerk. Minsk: Izd-vo BGU im. V.I. Lenina. (P. 200, Glavpoligrafizdat formation)
Levitsky, S. L. (1964). Introduction to Soviet copyright law. Netherlands: A.W. Sythoff-Leyden. (From the series Law in Eastern Europe, No. 8.) (PP. 63-64, Glavpoligrafizdat and Glavizdat developments)